Multiple particle tracking in PEPT using Voronoi tessellations

Blakemore, D. M., Govender, I., McBride, A. T. and Mainza, A. N. (2019) Multiple particle tracking in PEPT using Voronoi tessellations. Chemical Engineering Science, 207, pp. 780-789. (doi:10.1016/j.ces.2019.06.057)

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Abstract

Many complex flow phenomena encountered in chemical engineering lack fundamental understanding. Central to this problem is the lack of non-invasive, in situ measurement tools that can simultaneously track the motion and dynamics of different particle species across the entire phase space of the flow. To this end, a novel algorithm was developed for simultaneously tracking multiple particles using a Positron Emission Tomography scanner. The algorithm discretizes the back-to-back gamma rays emanating from multiple radio-labelled particles, and uses a Voronoi tessellation to create a density map of the points. The locations of the tracers are determined using a clustering technique. A series of experiments was performed to test the precision, robustness, and performance of the algorithm. Twenty tracers were successfully tracked, limited only by the amount of available sodium-22 isotope. The presented algorithm resulted in a RMSE of 1.26 mm. The precision was found to be dependent on the level of discretization, and is robust in that the loss of a tracer (due to exiting the field of view, high acceleration, or tracer collision) is handled internally, with no need for human correction. The proposed algorithm can also be easily parallelized.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Supported by funding from the Centre for Minerals Research.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McBride, Dr Andrew
Authors: Blakemore, D. M., Govender, I., McBride, A. T., and Mainza, A. N.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Chemical Engineering Science
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0009-2509
ISSN (Online):1873-4405
Published Online:04 July 2019

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