Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars at two harmonics in 2015–2017 LIGO data

Abbott, B.P. et al. (2019) Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars at two harmonics in 2015–2017 LIGO data. Astrophysical Journal, 879(1), 10. (doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab20cb)

Abbott, B.P. et al. (2019) Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars at two harmonics in 2015–2017 LIGO data. Astrophysical Journal, 879(1), 10. (doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab20cb)

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Abstract

We present a search for gravitational waves from 222 pulsars with rotation frequencies gsim10 Hz. We use advanced LIGO data from its first and second observing runs spanning 2015–2017, which provides the highest-sensitivity gravitational-wave data so far obtained. In this search we target emission from both the l = m = 2 mass quadrupole mode, with a frequency at twice that of the pulsar's rotation, and the l = 2, m = 1 mode, with a frequency at the pulsar rotation frequency. The search finds no evidence for gravitational-wave emission from any pulsar at either frequency. For the l = m = 2 mode search, we provide updated upper limits on the gravitational-wave amplitude, mass quadrupole moment, and fiducial ellipticity for 167 pulsars, and the first such limits for a further 55. For 20 young pulsars these results give limits that are below those inferred from the pulsars' spin-down. For the Crab and Vela pulsars our results constrain gravitational-wave emission to account for less than 0.017% and 0.18% of the spin-down luminosity, respectively. For the recycled millisecond pulsar J0711−6830 our limits are only a factor of 1.3 above the spin-down limit, assuming the canonical value of 1038 kg m2 for the star's moment of inertia, and imply a gravitational-wave-derived upper limit on the star's ellipticity of 1.2 × 10−8. We also place new limits on the emission amplitude at the rotation frequency of the pulsars.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Grant, Mr Alastair and Messenger, Dr Christopher and Masso Reid, Ms Mariela and Isa, Hafizah Noor Binti and Bell, Dr Angus and Williams, Mr Daniel and Toland, Mr Karl and Hayes, Mr Fergus and Hammond, Professor Giles and Hild, Professor Stefan and Barr, Dr Bryan and Sorazu Lucio, Dr Borja and Steinlechner, Dr Jessica and Veitch, Dr John and Tornasi, Mr Zeno and Heng, Professor Ik Siong and Wright, Ms Jennifer and Tait, Mr Simon and Briggs, Mr Joseph and Graef, Dr Christian and Zhang, Mr Teng and Pearlstone, Mr Brynley and Hendry, Professor Martin and Scott, Dr Jamie and Rowan, Professor Sheila and Martin, Dr Iain and Robertson, Professor Norna and Chan, Mr Man Leong and Robie, Mr Raymond and Gabbard, Mr Hunter and Dupej, Mr Peter and Cumming, Dr Alan and Cunningham, Dr Liam and Barclay, Miss Sheena and Woan, Professor Graham and Mangano, Miss Valentina and Datrier, Ms Laurence and Hough, Professor James and Huttner, Dr Sabina and Bayley, Mr Joseph and Strain, Professor Kenneth and Jones, Mr Russell and Haughian, Dr Karen and Pitkin, Dr Matthew and Murray, Dr Peter and Fletcher, Mr Mark
Authors: Abbott, B.P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T.D., Abraham, S., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., Adams, C., Adhikari, R.X., Adya, V.B., Affeldt, C., Agathos, M., Agatsuma, K., Aggarwal, N., Aguiar, O.D., Aiello, L., Ain, A., Ajith, P., Allen, G., Allocca, A., Aloy, M.A., Altin, P.A., Amato, A., Ananyeva, A., Anderson, S.B., Anderson, W.G., Angelova, S.V., Antier, S., Appert, S., Arai, K., Araya, M.C., Areeda, J.S., Arène, M., Arnaud, N., Ascenzi, S., Ashton, G., Aston, S.M., Astone, P., Aubin, F., Aufmuth, P., AultONeal, K., Austin, C., Avendano, V., Avila-Alvarez, A., Babak, S., Bacon, P., Badaracco, F., Bader, M.K.M., Bae, S., Bailes, M., Baker, P.T., Baldaccini, F., Ballardin, G., Ballmer, S.W., Banagiri, S., Barayoga, J.C., Barclay, S.E., Barish, B.C., Barker, D., Barkett, K., Barnum, S., Barone, F., Barr, B., Barsotti, L., Barsuglia, M., Barta, D., Bartlett, J., Bartos, I., Bassiri, R., Basti, A., Bawaj, M., Bayley, J. C., Bazzan, M., Bécsy, B., Bejger, M., Belahcene, I., Bell, A.S., Beniwal, D., Berger, B.K., Bergmann, G., Bernuzzi, S., Bero, J.J., Berry, C.P.L., Bersanetti, D., Bertolini, A., Betzwieser, J., Bhandare, R., Bidler, J., Bilenko, I.A., Bilgili, S.A., Billingsley, G., Birch, J., Birney, R., Birnholtz, O., Biscans, S., Biscoveanu, S., Bisht, A., Bitossi, M., Bizouard, M.A., Blackburn, J.K., Blair, C.D., Blair, D.G., Blair, R.M., Bloemen, S., Bode, N., Boer, M., Boetzel, Y., Bogaert, G., Bondu, F., Bonilla, E., Bonnand, R., Booker, P., Boom, B.A., Booth, C.D., Bork, R., Boschi, V., Bose, S., Bossie, K., Bossilkov, V., Bosveld, J., Bouffanais, Y., Bozzi, A., Bradaschia, C., Brady, P.R., Bramley, A., Branchesi, M., Brau, J.E., Briant, T., Briggs, J.H., Brighenti, F., Brillet, A., Brinkmann, M., Brisson, V., Brockill, P., Brooks, A.F., Brown, D.D., Brunett, S., Buikema, A., Bulik, T., Bulten, H.J., Buonanno, A., Buskulic, D., Buy, C., Byer, R.L., Cabero, M., Cadonati, L., Cagnoli, G., Cahillane, C., Bustillo, J. C., Callister, T.A., Calloni, E., Camp, J.B., Campbell, W.A., Canepa, M., Cannon, K.C., Cao, H., Cao, J., Capocasa, E., Carbognani, F., Caride, S., Carney, M.F., Carullo, G., Diaz, J. 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College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Astrophysical Journal
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN:1538-4357
ISSN (Online):1538-4357
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The American Astronomical Society
First Published:First published in Astrophysical Journal 879(1):10
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
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