Recent advances in angiotensin II signaling

Touyz, R.M. and Berry, C. (2002) Recent advances in angiotensin II signaling. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 35(9), pp. 1001-1015. (doi: 10.1590/S0100-879X2002000900001) (PMID:12219172)

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Angiotensin II (Ang II)* is a multifunctional hormone that influences the function of cardiovascular cells through a complex series of intracellular signaling events initiated by the interaction of Ang II with AT1 and AT2 receptors. AT1 receptor activation leads to cell growth, vascular contraction, inflammatory responses and salt and water retention, whereas AT2 receptors induce apoptosis, vasodilation and natriuresis. These effects are mediated via complex, interacting signaling pathways involving stimulation of PLC and Ca2+ mobilization; activation of PLD, PLA2, PKC, MAP kinases and NAD(P)H oxidase, and stimulation of gene transcription. In addition, Ang II activates many intracellular tyrosine kinases that play a role in growth signaling and inflammation, such as Src, Pyk2, p130Cas, FAK and JAK/STAT. These events may be direct or indirect via transactivation of tyrosine kinase receptors, including PDGFR, EGFR and IGFR. Ang II induces a multitude of actions in various tissues, and the signaling events following occupancy and activation of Ang receptors are tightly controlled and extremely complex. Alterations of these highly regulated signaling pathways may be pivotal in structural and functional abnormalities that underlie pathological processes in cardiovascular diseases such as cardiac hypertrophy, hypertension and atherosclerosis.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian and Berry, Professor Colin
Authors: Touyz, R.M., and Berry, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Publisher:Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
ISSN (Online):1414-431X

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