Lignin-based polymeric surfactants for emulsion polymerization

Schmidt, B. V.K.J. , Molinari, V., Esposito, D., Tauer, K. and Antonietti, M. (2017) Lignin-based polymeric surfactants for emulsion polymerization. Polymer, 112, pp. 418-426. (doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2017.02.036)

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Abstract

A non-ionic surfactant system is synthesized by standard grafting of poly(ethylene oxide) from renewable lignin fragments and used for the emulsion polymerization of styrene. The lignin precursors are formed by hydrogenolysis and utilized as initiator for the oxyanionic polymerization of ethylene oxide leading to amphiphilic polymers, very similar to standard nonionic surfactant synthesis. Subsequently, the formed amphiphilic polymers are employed as stabilizers in the heterophase polymerization of styrene with various initiators. Poly (styrene) latexes with solids contents of up to 21% depending on stabilizer concentration have been obtained. Stabilizer efficiencies and performances were nicely comparable with those of nonylphenol-based, non-ionic industrial performance surfactants.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Schmidt, Dr Bernhard
Authors: Schmidt, B. V.K.J., Molinari, V., Esposito, D., Tauer, K., and Antonietti, M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Polymer
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0032-3861
ISSN (Online):1873-2291
Published Online:10 February 2017

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