Segment 2 from influenza A(H1N1) 2009 pandemic viruses confers temperature-sensitive haemagglutinin yield on candidate vaccine virus growth in eggs that can be epistatically complemented by PB2 701D

Hussain, S., Turnbull, M. L. , Pinto, R. M., McCauley, J. W., Engelhardt, O. G. and Digard, P. (2019) Segment 2 from influenza A(H1N1) 2009 pandemic viruses confers temperature-sensitive haemagglutinin yield on candidate vaccine virus growth in eggs that can be epistatically complemented by PB2 701D. Journal of General Virology, 100(7), pp. 1079-1092. (doi:10.1099/jgv.0.001279) (PMID:31169484)

Hussain, S., Turnbull, M. L. , Pinto, R. M., McCauley, J. W., Engelhardt, O. G. and Digard, P. (2019) Segment 2 from influenza A(H1N1) 2009 pandemic viruses confers temperature-sensitive haemagglutinin yield on candidate vaccine virus growth in eggs that can be epistatically complemented by PB2 701D. Journal of General Virology, 100(7), pp. 1079-1092. (doi:10.1099/jgv.0.001279) (PMID:31169484)

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Abstract

Candidate vaccine viruses (CVVs) for seasonal influenza A virus are made by reassortment of the antigenic virus with an egg-adapted strain, typically A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (PR8). Many 2009 A(H1N1) pandemic (pdm09) high-growth reassortants (HGRs) selected this way contain pdm09 segment 2 in addition to the antigenic genes. To investigate this, we made CVV mimics by reverse genetics (RG) that were either 6 : 2 or 5 : 3 reassortants between PR8 and two pdm09 strains, A/California/7/2009 (Cal7) and A/England/195/2009, differing in the source of segment 2. The 5 : 3 viruses replicated better in MDCK-SIAT1 cells than the 6 : 2 viruses, but the 6 : 2 CVVs gave higher haemagglutinin (HA) antigen yields from eggs. This unexpected phenomenon reflected temperature sensitivity conferred by pdm09 segment 2, as the egg HA yields of the 5 : 3 viruses improved substantially when viruses were grown at 35 °C compared with 37.5 °C, whereas the 6 : 2 virus yields did not. However, the authentic 5 : 3 pdm09 HGRs, X-179A and X-181, were not markedly temperature sensitive despite their PB1 sequences being identical to that of Cal7, suggesting compensatory mutations elsewhere in the genome. Sequence comparisons of the PR8-derived backbone genes identified polymorphisms in PB2, NP, NS1 and NS2. Of these, PB2 N701D affected the temperature dependence of viral transcription and, furthermore, improved and drastically reduced the temperature sensitivity of the HA yield from the 5 : 3 CVV mimic. We conclude that the HA yield of pdm09 CVVs can be affected by an epistatic interaction between PR8 PB2 and pdm09 PB1, but that this can be minimized by ensuring that the backbones used for vaccine manufacture in eggs contain PB2 701D.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was funded in part with Federal funds from the US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, under contract no. HHSO100201300005C (to O.G.E. and P.D.), by a grant from UK Department of Health’s Policy Research Programme (NIBSC Regulatory Science Research Unit), grant no. 044/0069 (to O.G.E.) as well as Institute Strategic Programme Grants (BB/J01446X/1 and BB/P013740/1) from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) to P.D.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pinto, Miss Rute and Turnbull, Dr Matthew and Digard, Professor Paul
Authors: Hussain, S., Turnbull, M. L., Pinto, R. M., McCauley, J. W., Engelhardt, O. G., and Digard, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of General Virology
Publisher:Microbiology Society
ISSN:0022-1317
ISSN (Online):1465-2099
Published Online:06 June 2019

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