Virtual Reference Device-Based Narrowband TOA Localization Using LOS and NLOS Path

Zhang, H., Seow, C. K. and Tan, S. Y. (2016) Virtual Reference Device-Based Narrowband TOA Localization Using LOS and NLOS Path. In: 2016 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS), Savannah, GA, USA, 11-14 Apr 2016, pp. 225-231. ISBN 9781509020423 (doi:10.1109/PLANS.2016.7479706)

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Abstract

This paper presents a novel virtual reference (RD) based narrowband time-of-arrival (TOA) localization scheme that utilizes both the line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) paths to localize the unknown mobile device (MD) according to the prior knowledge of the floor plane information of the specific indoor environment. It addresses the problem of insufficient number of LOS RD in conventional localization schemes in multipath environment due to LOS blockage by scatterers. The first step involves the estimation of data association matrix used to solve the issue of unknown observation-to-path correspondence by using least square (LS) estimator. In the second step, the location of MD is estimated through weighted least square (WLS) with the help of data association matrix. Analysis of the effects of various parameters on localization accuracy is proposed. Estimation results based on measurement data with various bandwidth show that the performance of our proposed algorithm improves the location accuracy as compared with existing localization scheme.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Seow, Dr Chee Kiat
Authors: Zhang, H., Seow, C. K., and Tan, S. Y.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
ISSN:2153-3598
ISBN:9781509020423
Published Online:30 May 2016

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