Chronic pain in intensive care unit survivors: incidence, characteristics and side-effects up to one-year post-discharge

Devine, H., Quasim, T. , McPeake, J. , Shaw, M., McCallum, L. and MacTavish, P. (2019) Chronic pain in intensive care unit survivors: incidence, characteristics and side-effects up to one-year post-discharge. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 51(6), pp. 451-455. (doi: 10.2340/16501977-2558) (PMID:31032523)

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Abstract

Background: Intensive care unit survivors experience significant physical and psychological problems, including chronic pain following discharge. The aim of this study was to observe the incidence, anatomical sites, intensity, and interference of chronic pain in intensive care unit survivors over a 1-year period. In addition, potential predictors of chronic pain were analysed. Methods: Data were collected during an intensive care unit follow-up programme as part of a quality improvement initiative. Data from the Brief Pain Inventory and from musculoskeletal assessment were examined, alongside demographic data from the patient. Data were collected from patients at baseline and at a 1-year follow-up appointment. Results: Data from 47 intensive care unit survivors were included in this study. A “new” chronic pain was reported in 66% (n = 31) of patients. Pain intensity in this patient group was “moderate”’ and did not improve significantly over the 1-year period. Although pain interference with life decreased over the study period, it was still the most common cause of reduced enjoyment of life and reduced employment at 1-year follow-up. Conclusion: Chronic pain is associated with morbidity in intensive care unit survivors. Pain interference, but not pain intensity, improved significantly in the first year after discharge. Further multi-centre research is required to elucidate the chronic pain experience.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Quasim, Dr Tara and Shaw, Mr Martin and McPeake, Dr Joanne
Authors: Devine, H., Quasim, T., McPeake, J., Shaw, M., McCallum, L., and MacTavish, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Nursing and Health Care
Journal Name:Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Publisher:Foundation for Rehabilitation Information
ISSN:1650-1977
ISSN (Online):1651-2081
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Foundation of Rehabilitation Information
First Published:First published in Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 51(6):451-455
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
717111Intensive Care Syndrome: Promoting Independence and Return to EmploymentTara QuasimThe Health Foundation (HEALFOU)N/AMVLS MED - ANAESTHESIA