Township-based bioenergy systems for distributed energy supply and efficient household waste re-utilisation: techno-economic and environmental feasibility

Ascher, S., Watson, I. , Wang, X. and You, S. (2019) Township-based bioenergy systems for distributed energy supply and efficient household waste re-utilisation: techno-economic and environmental feasibility. Energy, (doi:10.1016/j.energy.2019.05.191) (In Press)

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Abstract

Sustainable waste management and climate change have been two of the major challenges worldwide. This study designed township-based bioenergy systems to treat solid waste in Glasgow based on anaerobic digestion and gasification technologies. The economic feasibility and environmental impacts (i.e. global warming potential, eutrophication potential, and acidification potential) were evaluated using Monte Carlo simulation-based cost-benefit analysis and life cycle assessment. It was found that township-based bioenergy systems could save over 300 kg of CO2 per tonne of municipal solid waste treated when biogenic carbon is excluded. It was shown that the proposed systems have profitability chances ranging from 68 to 98%, when the sale of by-products (digestate and biochar) is considered. This study also explored the effects of by-product selling and carbon tax on the economic feasibility of township-based bioenergy systems. The township-based bioenergy system can satisfy 20–23% of electricity demands and 4–5% of heat demands of each township served. The study can facilitate investors and policymakers to make informed decisions about planning distributed Waste-to-Energy (WtE) systems.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research is funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council under its EPSRC Vacation Scholars scheme.
Status:In Press
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Watson, Dr Ian and Ascher, Mr Simon and You, Dr Siming
Authors: Ascher, S., Watson, I., Wang, X., and You, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Energy
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0360-5442
Published Online:28 May 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Energy 2019
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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