Upconverting nano-engineered surfaces: maskless photolithography for security applications

Kaboli, F., Ghazyani, N., Riahi, M., Zare-Behtash, H. , Majles Ara, M. H. and Heydari, E. (2019) Upconverting nano-engineered surfaces: maskless photolithography for security applications. ACS Applied Nano Materials, 2(6), pp. 3590-3596. (doi: 10.1021/acsanm.9b00549)

186799.pdf - Accepted Version



The two complementary technologies of colloidal upconverting nanoemitters and maskless photolithography are exploited to fabricate nanoengineered optically active surfaces for anticounterfeiting applications based on the multiphoton absorption phenomenon in lanthanide nanocomposites with a visualization wavelength in the NIR. It is demonstrated that the unique optical, thermal, and temporal characteristics of these versatile upconverting surface distinguishes them from their counterparts. A unique behavior that is captured is the ability to actively tune their emission color by modifying the pumping power, temperature, and excitation frequency. A new low-cost negative photoresist is employed for implementation of maskless photolithography of single- and double-color labels using two efficient upconverting nanocomposites based on NaYF4:Yb3+, Er3+ and NaYF4:Yb3+, Tm3+ nanoemitters. In addition, it is shown that the detectability of the proposed anticounterfeiting approach can be carried out using just a smartphone. Each of the emission peaks of the upconversion nanoparticles is associated with a different multiphoton absorption mechanism and their thermosensitivity varies from one peak to another. Furthermore, their photoluminescent color changes by scanning the excitation beam impinging on the surfaces composed of both upconversion nanoparticles doped in the UV-curable resist. Long-term photostability of these surfaces under continuous excitation by a high power laser makes them a promising nanoemitters for the next generation of anticounterfeiting labels.

Item Type:Articles (Editorial)
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Zare-Behtash, Dr Hossein
Authors: Kaboli, F., Ghazyani, N., Riahi, M., Zare-Behtash, H., Majles Ara, M. H., and Heydari, E.
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > T Technology (General)
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Autonomous Systems and Connectivity
Journal Name:ACS Applied Nano Materials
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN (Online):2574-0970
Published Online:22 May 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society
First Published:First published in ACS Applied Nano Materials 2(6):3590-3596
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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