Adverse Childhood Experiences and Neurodevelopmental Disorders – A Double Jeopardy for Juvenile Mania?

Gajwani, R., Dinkler, L., Lundström, S., Lichtenstein, P., Gillberg, C. and Minnis, H. (2018) Adverse Childhood Experiences and Neurodevelopmental Disorders – A Double Jeopardy for Juvenile Mania? IEPA 11th International Conference on Early Intervention in Mental Health – “Prevention and Early Intervention: Broadening the Scope”, Boston, MA, USA, 07-10 Oct 2018. (doi:10.1111/eip.12723)

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Abstract

Objectives: The aims of the study were to understand the relative importance of the contribution of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) to juvenile mania symptoms, and to investigate a model for the interaction between ACEs and NDDs that would explain why some adolescents at a greater risk of developing mania. Methods: We used a prospective sample from a nationwide birth cohort study, comprising 3,348 twins born in Sweden between 1998 and 2001. Parents reported on ACEs and NDDs at age 9 and on symptoms of mania at age 15. Results: Having ACEs or NDDs at age 9 significantly increased number of mania symptoms at age 15. NDDs seemed to have a slightly higher risk effect on mania symptoms than ACEs (boys/girls: d = 0.23/0.28), although this difference was not statistically significant. Children who have experienced both ACEs and NDDs are at double jeopardy for juvenile mania as they showed significantly more mania symptoms than children with ACEs‐only (d = 0.48/1.40) and girls with NDDs‐only (d = 1.03). Males with both exposures did not differ significantly in mania symptoms from males with NDDs‐only (d = 0.19). Conclusions: The study suggests that apart from ACEs, NDDs are an at least equally important factor to consider in the development of severe mental disorder. Families of children presenting with ACEs and/or NDDs need increased support.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Additional Information:Abstract published in Early Intervention in Psychiatry 12(S1):83.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Minnis, Professor Helen and Gillberg, Professor Christopher and Gajwani, Dr Ruchika
Authors: Gajwani, R., Dinkler, L., Lundström, S., Lichtenstein, P., Gillberg, C., and Minnis, H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing

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