"New speakers" of Gaelic: perceptions of linguistic authenticity and appropriateness

McLeod, W. and O'Rourke, B. (2015) "New speakers" of Gaelic: perceptions of linguistic authenticity and appropriateness. Applied Linguistics Review, 6(2), pp. 151-172. (doi: 10.1515/applirev-2015-0008)

185904.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.



This article considers the experiences and views of “new speakers” of Gaelic, focusing on how they characterise their language production and its relationship to the language of traditional speakers. In contrast to some other European minority languages, a significant population of new Gaelic speakers in Scotland has emerged only recently, particularly with the development of Gaelic-medium education since 1985, provision that increasingly serves children who do not acquire Gaelic in the home. Given the ongoing decline of Gaelic in traditional “heartland” areas, it is apparent that new speakers of Gaelic emerging from urban Scotland will become increasingly important in coming years. This study of 35 new speakers in the cities of Edinburgh and Glasgow builds on emerging research on new speakers of minority languages across other European contexts (see O’Rourke et al. 2015) where traditional communities of speakers are being eroded as a consequence of increased urbanisation and economic modernisation. This article considers issues involving legitimacy, authority and authenticity amongst new speakers of Gaelic and the extent to which new speakers are producing their own set of contexts of language use and their own standards of performance or conversely, if they continue to reproduce ideals of localism, tradition and linguistic purity. Participants expressed contrasting views on these topics, some of them endeavouring to accommodate what they perceived as native speakers’ perceptions and preferences, others expressing a rather more oppositional viewpoint, rejecting practices or assumptions that they view as impeding the modernisation and normalisation of the language.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:O'Rourke, Professor Bernadette
Authors: McLeod, W., and O'Rourke, B.
College/School:College of Arts > School of Modern Languages and Cultures > Hispanic Studies
Journal Name:Applied Linguistics Review
Publisher:De Gruyter
ISSN (Online):1868-6311
Published Online:28 May 2015
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 McLeod and O'Rourke
First Published:First published in Applied Linguistics Review 6(2): 151-172
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record