Do drinking motives mediate the relationship between neighbourhood characteristics and alcohol use among adolescents?

Martin, G., Inchley, J. and Currie, C. (2019) Do drinking motives mediate the relationship between neighbourhood characteristics and alcohol use among adolescents? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(5), 853. (doi:10.3390/ijerph16050853) (PMID:30857214) (PMCID:PMC6427383)

[img]
Preview
Text
185629.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

1MB

Abstract

Adolescents not only vary in their alcohol use behavior but also in their motivations for drinking. Young people living in different neighborhoods may drink for different reasons. The aims of this study were to determine if neighborhood characteristics were associated with adolescent drinking motives, and whether drinking motives mediate the relationship between neighborhood context and regular alcohol use. Data from the Scottish Health Behaviours in School-aged Children 2010 survey of students in their 4th year of secondary school were used. The study included 1119 participants who had data on neighborhood characteristics and had used alcohol in the past year. Students were asked questions about the local area where they lived, their alcohol use, and their motives for drinking alcohol, based on the Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised Short Form (DMQR-SF). Multilevel multivariable models and structural equation models were used in this study. Coping motives showed significant variation across neighborhoods. Structural equation models showed coping motives mediated the relationships between neighborhood deprivation, living in an accessible small-town, and neighborhood-level disorder with regular alcohol use. Public health policies that improve neighborhood conditions and develop adaptive strategies, aimed at improving alcohol-free methods for young people to cope better with life’s stresses, may be particularly effective in reducing inequalities in adolescent alcohol use if targeted at small towns and areas of increased deprivation.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funding for the Scottish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children was provided by NHS Scotland. This work was also supported by the 600th Anniversary Ph.D. Scholarship which was awarded to Gina Martin by the University of St Andrews
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Inchley, Dr Joanna
Creator Roles:
Inchley, J.Formal analysis, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Martin, G., Inchley, J., and Currie, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1661-7827
ISSN (Online):1660-4601
Published Online:08 March 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(5): 853
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics