First measurement of the Hubble constant from a dark standard siren using the Dark Energy Survey Galaxies and the LIGO/Virgo binary–black-hole merger GW170814

Soares-Santos, M. et al. (2019) First measurement of the Hubble constant from a dark standard siren using the Dark Energy Survey Galaxies and the LIGO/Virgo binary–black-hole merger GW170814. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 876(1), L7. (doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ab14f1)

Soares-Santos, M. et al. (2019) First measurement of the Hubble constant from a dark standard siren using the Dark Energy Survey Galaxies and the LIGO/Virgo binary–black-hole merger GW170814. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 876(1), L7. (doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ab14f1)

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Abstract

We present a multi-messenger measurement of the Hubble constant H_0 using the binary-black-hole merger GW170814 as a standard siren, combined with a photometric redshift catalog from the Dark Energy Survey (DES). The luminosity distance is obtained from the gravitational wave signal detected by the LIGO/Virgo Collaboration (LVC) on 2017 August 14, and the redshift information is provided by the DES Year 3 data. Black-hole mergers such as GW170814 are expected to lack bright electromagnetic emission to uniquely identify their host galaxies and build an object-by-object Hubble diagram. However, they are suitable for a statistical measurement, provided that a galaxy catalog of adequate depth and redshift completion is available. Here we present the first Hubble parameter measurement using a black-hole merger. Our analysis results in H0=75.2+39.5−32.4 km s−1 Mpc−1, which is consistent with both SN Ia and CMB measurements of the Hubble constant. The quoted 68% credible region comprises 60% of the uniform prior range [20,140] km s−1 Mpc−1, and it depends on the assumed prior range. If we take a broader prior of [10,220] km s−1 Mpc−1, we find H0=78+96−24 km s−1 Mpc−1 (57% of the prior range). Although a weak constraint on the Hubble constant from a single event is expected using the dark siren method, a multifold increase in the LVC event rate is anticipated in the coming years and combinations of many sirens will lead to improved constraints on H0.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Catalogs, cosmology: observations, gravitational waves, surveys.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:TOLAND, Karl and Grant, Mr Alastair and Pearlstone, Brynley and Hayes, Fergus and Robie, Raymond and Messenger, Dr Christopher and Masso Reid, Ms Mariela and Isa, Hafizah Noor Binti and Bell, Dr Angus and Williams, Mr Daniel and Pascucci, Daniela and Hammond, Professor Giles and Hild, Professor Stefan and Barr, Dr Bryan and Sorazu Lucio, Dr Borja and Lee, Kyung Ha and Keitel, David and Gray, Rachel and Barclay, Sheena Elaine and Gabbard, Hunter Arthur and Briggs, Joseph and Steinlechner, Dr Jessica and Veitch, Dr John and Heng, Professor Ik Siong and Dupej, Peter and van Veggel, Dr Marielle and Zhang, Teng and Graef, Dr Christian and Hendry, Professor Martin and Scott, Dr Jamie and Mangano, Valentina and Rowan, Professor Sheila and Martin, Dr Iain and Robertson, Professor Norna and Tornasi, Zeno and SPENCER, Andrew and Cumming, Dr Alan and Cunningham, Dr Liam and Woan, Professor Graham and Tait, Simon and WRIGHT, Jennifer and Steinlechner, Dr Sebastian and Datrier, Ms Laurence and Hough, Professor James and Bayley, Joseph and Huttner, Dr Sabina and FLETCHER, MARK and Strain, Professor Kenneth and Jones, Mr Russell and Haughian, Dr Karen and Chan, Man Leong and Pitkin, Dr Matthew and Murray, Dr Peter
Authors: Soares-Santos, M., Palmese, A., Hartley, W., Annis, J., Garcia-Bellido, J., Lahav, O., Doctor, Z., Fishbach, M., Holz, D. E., Lin, H., Pereira, M. E. S., Garcia, A., Herner, K., Kessler, R., Peiris, H. V., Sako, M., Allam, S., Brout, D., Carnero Rosell, A., Chen, H. Y., Conselice, C., deRose, J., deVicente, J., Diehl, H. T., Gill, M. S. S., Gschwend, J., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Tucker, D. L., Wechsler, R., Berger, E., Cowperthwaite, P. S., Metzger, B. D., Williams, P. K. G., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Avila, S., Bechtol, K., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., Desai, S., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eifler, T. F., Evrard, A. E., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gutierrez, G., Hollowood, D. L., Hoyle, B., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Neilsen, E., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, R. C., Walker, A. R., Wester, W., Zuntz, J., Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Abraham, S., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., Adams, C., Adhikari, R. X., Adya, V. B., Affeldt, C., Agathos, M., Agatsuma, K., Aggarwal, N., Aguiar, O. D., Aiello, L., Ain, A., Ajith, P., Allen, G., Allocca, A., Aloy, M. A., Altin, P. A., Amato, A., Ananyeva, A., Anderson, S. B., Anderson, W. G., Angelova, S. V., Appert, S., Arai, K., Araya, M. C., Areeda, J. S., Arène, M., Ascenzi, S., Ashton, G., Aston, S. M., Astone, P., Aubin, F., Aufmuth, P., AultONeal, K., Austin, C., Avendano, V., Avila-Alvarez, A., Babak, S., Bacon, P., Badaracco, F., Bader, M. K. M., Bae, S., Baker, P. 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Subjects:Q Science > QB Astronomy
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Research Group:Institute for Gravitational Research
Journal Name:Astrophysical Journal Letters
Publisher:American Astronomical Society
ISSN:2041-8205
ISSN (Online):2041-8213
Published Online:26 April 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The American Astronomical Society
First Published:First published in Astrophysical Journal Letters 876(1): L7
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
713721Investigations in gravitational radiationSheila RowanScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N005422/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
713722Investigations in gravitational radiationSheila RowanScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N005422/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
713723Investigations in gravitational radiationSheila RowanScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N005422/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
569982Proposal for UK Involvement in the Operation of Advanced LIGOKenneth StrainScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N00003X/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY