Reliability of self reported smoking status by pregnant women for estimating smoking prevalence: a retrospective, cross sectional study

Shipton, D., Tappin, D.M. , Vadiveloo, T., Crossley, J.A., Aitken, D. and Chalmers, J. (2009) Reliability of self reported smoking status by pregnant women for estimating smoking prevalence: a retrospective, cross sectional study. British Medical Journal, 339, b4347. (doi:10.1136/bmj.b4347)

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Abstract

<p>Objective: To determine what impact reliance on self reported smoking status during pregnancy has on both the accuracy of smoking prevalence figures and access to smoking cessation services for pregnant women in Scotland.</p> <p>Design: Retrospective, cross sectional study of cotinine measurements in stored blood samples.</p> <p>Participants: Random sample (n=3475) of the 21 029 pregnant women in the West of Scotland who opted for second trimester prenatal screening over a one year period.</p> <p>Main outcome measure: Smoking status validated with cotinine measurement by maternal area deprivation category (Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation).</p> <p>Results: Reliance on self reported smoking status underestimated true smoking by 25% (1046/3475 (30%) from cotinine measurement v 839/3475 (24%) from self reporting, z score 8.27, P<0.001). Projected figures suggest that in Scotland more than 2400 pregnant smokers go undetected each year. A greater proportion of smokers in the least deprived areas (deprivation categories 1+2) did not report their smoking (39%) compared with women in the most deprived areas (22% in deprivation categories 4+5), but, because smoking was far more common in the most deprived areas (706 (40%) in deprived areas compared with 142 (14%) in affluent areas), projected figures for Scotland suggest that twice as many women in the most deprived areas are undetected (n=1196) than in the least deprived areas (n=642).</p> <p>Conclusion: Reliance on self reporting to identify pregnant smokers significantly underestimates the number of pregnant smokers in Scotland and results in a failure to detect over 2400 smokers each year who are therefore not offered smoking cessation services.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tappin, Professor David and Shipton, Dr Deborah and Aitken, Dr David
Authors: Shipton, D., Tappin, D.M., Vadiveloo, T., Crossley, J.A., Aitken, D., and Chalmers, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
Journal Name:British Medical Journal
Journal Abbr.:BMJ
ISSN:0959-535X
ISSN (Online):1756-1833
Published Online:29 October 2009
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2009 The Authors
First Published:First published in British Medical Journal 339:b4347
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under Creative Commons License

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