The relationship between phosphorylation status of focal adhesion kinases, molecular subtypes, tumour microenvironment and survival in patients with primary operable ductal breast cancer

Andisha, N. M., McMillan, D. C. , Gujam, F. J.A., Roseweir, A. and Edwards, J. (2019) The relationship between phosphorylation status of focal adhesion kinases, molecular subtypes, tumour microenvironment and survival in patients with primary operable ductal breast cancer. Cellular Signalling, 60, pp. 91-99. (doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2019.04.006) (PMID:30981841)

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Abstract

Background: Despite advances in therapies to treat breast cancer, over 100,000 patients die in the UK of this disease per year, highlighting the need to develop effect predictive and prognostic markers for patients with primary operable ductal breast cancer. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between membranous, cytoplasmic and nuclear expression of focal adhesion kinase (phosphorylated at Y 397, Y 861 and Y 925), molecular subtypes, tumour microenvironment and survival in patients with primary operable ductal breast cancer. Methods: Four hundred and seventy-four patients presenting between 1995 and 1998 with primary operable ductal breast cancer were included in this study. Using tissue microarrays expression of membranous, cytoplasmic and nuclear tumour cell phosphorylation of FAK at Y397, Y861 and Y925 was assessed, and associations with clinicopathological characteristics, tumour microenvironment and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were examined. Results: No significant association was observed for ph-FAK Y861 with survival at all sites. However, high expression of membranous ph-FAK Y397 was associated with increased tumour grade (P < .001), molecular subtypes (P < .001), increased tumour necrosis (P < .001), high Klintrup–Mäkinen grade (P < .001), increased CD138+ plasma cells (P = .031), endocrine therapy (P = .001) and poor cancer specific survival (P = .040). Similarly, high expression of nuclear ph-FAK Y397 was associated with decreased age (P = .042), increased CD138+ plasma cells (P = .001) and poor cancer specific survival (P = .003). Furthermore, high expression of cytoplasmic ph-FAK Y925 was associated with decreased tumour grade (P < .001), less involved lymph node (P = .020), molecular subtypes (P < .001), decreased tumour necrosis (P < .001), low Klintrup–Mäkinen grade (P < .001), decreased CD4+ T-cells (P = .006), decreased CD138+ plasma cells (P = .034), endocrine therapy (P < .001), chemotherapy (P = .048), and improved cancer specific survival (P = .044). On multivariate analysis, high expression of nuclear ph-FAK Y397 was independently associated with reduced cancer specific survival (P = .017). Conclusion: The results of the present study show that membranous and nuclear ph-FAK Y397 and cytoplasmic ph-FAK Y925 were associated with prognosis in patients with primary operable ductal breast cancer. In addition, high expression of nuclear ph-FAK Y397 was an independent prognostic factor in patients with primary operable ductal breast cancer and could be incorporated into clinical practice.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Roseweir, Dr Antonia and Edwards, Professor Joanne and Gujam, Mrs Fadia and Andisha, Najla and McMillan, Professor Donald
Authors: Andisha, N. M., McMillan, D. C., Gujam, F. J.A., Roseweir, A., and Edwards, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Cellular Signalling
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0898-6568
ISSN (Online):1873-3913
Published Online:11 April 2019
Copyright Holders:Crown Copyright © 2019
First Published:First published in Cellular Signalling 60:91-99
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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