Fear of missing out and sleep: cognitive behavioural factors in adolescents' nighttime social media use

Scott, H. and Cleland Woods, H. (2018) Fear of missing out and sleep: cognitive behavioural factors in adolescents' nighttime social media use. Journal of Adolescence, 68, pp. 61-65. (doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.07.009) (PMID:30031979)

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Abstract

Introduction: Social media use has been linked to poor adolescent sleep outcomes, but the mechanisms behind this association are not yet well understood. This study examines links between adolescents' social media habits, fear of missing out and sleep outcomes, using path analysis to evaluate a model of proposed underlying mechanisms. Methods: Adolescents aged 12–18 years (N = 101) completed questionnaire measures. Results: Nighttime social media use was associated with later bedtimes, increased pre-sleep cognitive arousal, longer sleep onset latency and shorter sleep duration. Path analysis supported a model whereby fear of missing out predicted shorter sleep duration via two distinct mechanisms: (1) at a behavioural level, by driving late night social media use, which delays bedtimes; (2) at a cognitive level, by increasing pre-sleep cognitive arousal, thus further delaying sleep onset. Conclusions: Efforts to develop and evaluate intervention strategies should therefore consider not only social media behaviours but also underlying cognitive factors, such as fear of missing out.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cleland Woods, Heather and Scott, Mrs Holly
Authors: Scott, H., and Cleland Woods, H.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Research Group:#sleepyteens
Journal Name:Journal of Adolescence
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0140-1971
ISSN (Online):1095-9254
Published Online:20 July 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents
First Published:First published in Journal of Adolescence 68: 61-65
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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