The epidemiology of acromioclavicular joint excision

McLean, M., Hoban, K., Gupta, R., Gibson, A., Brooksbank, A. J., Fazzi, U. G., Arthur, A., Martin, D., Jenkins, P. J. and Millar, N. L. (2019) The epidemiology of acromioclavicular joint excision. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 27(1), pp. 1-6. (doi: 10.1177/2309499018816521) (PMID:30798777) (PMCID:PMC6391558)

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Background: With the development of arthroscopic procedures such as subacromial decompression (ASAD) and rotator cuff repair (RCR), it is hypothesized that there may have been a similar rise in the performance of acromioclavicular joint excision (ACJE). The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of ACJE to examine incidence, surgical technique, age, gender of patients and associated procedures in an urban population. Methods: A prospectively collected surgical database was retrospectively examined to identify patients undergoing ACJE. Associated procedures such as ASAD or RCR were determined from these records. The demographic details (age and gender) were also recorded. Results: A total of 411 ACJEs were performed over the study period (n = 216 males, n = 195 female). The overall incidence increased from 9.3 per 100,000 in 2009, to a peak of 19.6 per 1,00,000 in 2013. In 349 patients, ACJE was undertaken as part of an arthroscopic procedure, of which 332 were ASAD+ACJE alone. The prevalence of arthroscopic ACJE in ASADs was 23.7% (349/1400). ACJE was performed as an open procedure in 62 (15%) cases. Those undergoing open ACJE were younger than those undergoing an arthroscopic procedure (mean difference 6.2 years, 95% CI 3.2-9.2, p < 0.001). Conclusions: We demonstrate an increasing incidence of ACJE in the general population. The groups of patients most likely to undergo ACJE are women aged between 45 and 54 years old, men aged 55-64 years and the most socioeconomically deprived. The higher incidence of ACJE in the most deprived socioeconomic quintile may have public health implications. Level of Evidence: II; retrospective design: prognosis study.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McLean, Michael and Millar, Professor Neal and Gibson, Mr Anthony and Jenkins, Mr Paul
Authors: McLean, M., Hoban, K., Gupta, R., Gibson, A., Brooksbank, A. J., Fazzi, U. G., Arthur, A., Martin, D., Jenkins, P. J., and Millar, N. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
ISSN (Online):2309-4990
Published Online:09 December 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery 27(1):1-6
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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