Connexin 43 mediates endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor-induced vasodilatation in subcutaneous resistance arteries from healthy pregnant women

Lang, N. N. , Luksha, L., Newby, D. E. and Kublickiene, K. (2007) Connexin 43 mediates endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor-induced vasodilatation in subcutaneous resistance arteries from healthy pregnant women. American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 292(2), H1026-H1032. (doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00797.2006) (PMID:17085540)

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Abstract

The role of gap junctions in endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated relaxation of human arteries was assessed using connexin mimetic peptides (CMPs) designated 37,43Gap27, 40Gap27, and 43Gap26 according to homology with the major vascular connexins (Cx37, Cx40, and Cx43). Resistance arteries were obtained from subcutaneous fat biopsies of healthy pregnant women undergoing elective cesarean section. Endothelium-dependent vasodilatation to bradykinin (BK) was assessed using wire myography. Nω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) and indomethacin (nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase inhibitors, respectively) attenuated maximal relaxation to BK (Rmax) by ∼50%. Coincubation with l-NAME, indomethacin, and the combined CMPs (37,43Gap27, 40Gap27, and 43Gap26) almost abolished relaxation to BK (Rmax = 12.2 ± 3.7%). In arteries incubated with l-NAME and indomethacin, the addition of either 37,43Gap27 or 40Gap27 had no significant effect on Rmax, whereas 43Gap26 caused marked inhibition (Rmax = 21 ± 6.4%, P = 0.005 vs. l-NAME plus indomethacin alone) that was similar to that of the triple combination. Endothelium-independent vasorelaxation was unaffected by CMPs, l-NAME, or indomethacin. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated Cx37, Cx40, and Cx43 expression in the endothelium and vascular smooth muscle. In pregnant women, EDHF-mediated vasorelaxation of subcutaneous resistance arteries is dependent on Cx43 and gap junctions.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Grants: N. N. Lang is supported by an unrestricted Cardiovascular Prize Fellowship from Bristol-Myers Squibb UK. L. Luksha is supported by grants from the Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation, The Swedish Society of Medicine, and the Centre of Gender-Related Medicine at Karolinska Institutet.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Newby, Professor David and Lang, Dr Ninian
Authors: Lang, N. N., Luksha, L., Newby, D. E., and Kublickiene, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0363-6135
ISSN (Online):1522-1539

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