Cardiovascular effects of a novel SIRT1 activator, SRT2104, in otherwise healthy cigarette smokers

Venkatasubramanian, S. et al. (2013) Cardiovascular effects of a novel SIRT1 activator, SRT2104, in otherwise healthy cigarette smokers. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2(3), e000042. (doi: 10.1161/JAHA.113.000042) (PMID:23770971) (PMCID:PMC3698759)

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Abstract

Background: We examined the effect of the oral SIRT1 activator SRT2104 on cardiovascular function in otherwise healthy cigarette smokers. Methods and Results: Twenty‐four otherwise healthy cigarette smokers participated in a randomized double‐blind, placebo‐controlled crossover trial and received 28 days of oral SRT2104 (2.0 g/day) or matched placebo. Plasma SRT2104 concentrations, serum lipid profile, plasma fibrinolytic factors, and markers of platelet and monocyte activation were measured at baseline and at the end of each treatment period together with an assessment of forearm blood flow during intra‐arterial bradykinin, acetylcholine, and sodium nitroprusside infusions. Three hours postdose, mean plasma SRT2104 concentration was 1328±748 ng/mL after 28 days of active treatment. Compared with placebo, serum lipid profile improved during SRT2104 administration, with reductions in serum total cholesterol (−11.6±20 versus 6±21 mg/dL), low‐density lipoprotein cholesterol (−10±17 versus 3±21 mg/dL), and triglyceride (−39.8±77 versus 13.3±57 mg/dL) concentrations (P<0.05 for all). All vasodilators produced a dose‐dependent increase in blood flow (P<0.0001) that was similar during each treatment period (P>0.05 for all). No significant differences in fibrinolytic or blood flow parameters were observed between placebo and SRT2014. Conclusions: SRT2104 appears to be safe and well tolerated and associated with an improved lipid profile without demonstrable differences in vascular or platelet function in otherwise healthy cigarette smokers.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Sources of Funding: The study was funded and supported by Sirtris Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cambridge, Massachusetts. They also supplied the study drug SRT2104 and its matching placebo.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Newby, Professor David and Lang, Dr Ninian
Authors: Venkatasubramanian, S., Noh, R. M., Daga, S., Langrish, J. P., Joshi, N. V., Mills, N. L., Hoffmann, E., Jacobson, E. W., Vlasuk, G. P., Waterhouse, B. R., Lang, N. N., and Newby, D. E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of the American Heart Association
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:2047-9980
ISSN (Online):2047-9980
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of the American Heart Foundation 2(3):e000042
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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