The use of crop residues for biofuel production

Ali, M., Saleem, M., Khan, Z. and Watson, I. A. (2019) The use of crop residues for biofuel production. In: Verma, D., Fortunati, E., Jain, S. and Zhang, X. (eds.) Biomass, Biopolymer-Based Materials, and Bioenergy. Series: Woodhead Publishing series in composites science and engineering. Woodhead Publishing: Oxford, pp. 369-395. ISBN 9780081024263 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-102426-3.00016-3)

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Abstract

Fossil fuels are a finite source of energy and are going to deplete with the passage of time, possibly running out in a couple of decades. The importance of environmentally friendly biofuels has been realized in the last few decades. The climate and global warming issues associated with burning fossil fuels provide the initiative to look for a substitute fuel to meet the energy demand in the future. Generally, biomass is considered as a new energy source and has sufficient energy value per unit mass, but which is lower than that of fossil fuels. The use of biomass as a valuable energy source is a promising area of interest for researchers. Biomass is a renewable feedstock used to produce biofuels (in solid, liquid, and gas forms) for sustainable development in the future. A variety of crop residues are being produced around the world that can be converted into biofuels using different treatment and production methods, such as thermochemical conversion (e.g., combustion, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction, and gasification), biochemical conversion (e.g., microbial fermentation, enzymatic hydrolysis, and anaerobic digestion), and chemical treatment (e.g., transesterification). However, concerns such as environmental forfeits of contending uses of crop residues must be evaluated with short- and long-term perception considering its impact on agricultural land and biofuel production.

Item Type:Book Sections
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Khan, Dr Zakir and Watson, Dr Ian
Authors: Ali, M., Saleem, M., Khan, Z., and Watson, I. A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Publisher:Woodhead Publishing
ISBN:9780081024263

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