Microplastics: emerging contaminants requiring multilevel management

Welden, N. (2019) Microplastics: emerging contaminants requiring multilevel management. In: Letcher, T. M. and Vallero, D. A. (eds.) Waste: a Handbook for Management [Second Edition]. Academic Press: Amsterdam, pp. 405-424. ISBN 9780128150603 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-815060-3.00021-9)

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Abstract

Microplastics are persistent, pervasive environmental pollutants with a range of diverse sources. Since the relatively recent discovery of the abundance of microplastic in marine habitats, there has been a rapid development in the literature outlining its distribution and effects. Observations have been reported from mountain lakes and deep ocean sediments, and have been recorded in the tissues of species from microscopic invertebrates to whales. Although the impact on biota varies greatly between species, tests have revealed changes in nutritional state, histology, enzyme function, and life span. Annual production of microplastics and their macroplastic parent material presents a huge challenge to management authorities. Initial efforts to control microplastic pollution relate closely to specific domestic and industrial sources; early management techniques are themselves diverse, and include the adaptation of traditional waste streams, the development of aquatic collectors, and governmental control of the manufacture and sale of individual plastic products.

Item Type:Book Sections
Keywords:Ecotoxicology, food chain, pollution, polymer, transport, water treatment.
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Welden, Dr Natalie
Authors: Welden, N.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:Academic Press
ISBN:9780128150603
Published Online:08 March 2019

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