A globalization laboratory: European banking regulation and global capitalism in the 1970s and early 1980s

Drach, A. (2019) A globalization laboratory: European banking regulation and global capitalism in the 1970s and early 1980s. European Review of History: Revue europeenne d'histoire, 26(4), pp. 658-678. (doi:10.1080/13507486.2019.1596069)

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Abstract

The 1970s are often portrayed as the beginning of a new era of finance capitalism. The growth and internationalization of banks’ balance sheets, together with the return of banking crises, were important changes during the decade, and for the global evolution of capitalism. How did banking regulation and supervision react to this evolving environment? The literature places considerable emphasis on the role of the United States and, to a lesser extent, of the United Kingdom and Japan, in the emergence of global standards in banking regulation and supervision, and neglects the influence of the European Economic Community (EEC). Based on the archives of central banks, international organisations and one bankers’ association, this article explores the relationships between the European and global discussions in the early history of international banking regulation and supervision. It contends that the EEC played a more important role in the first steps of international banking regulation and supervision than commonly considered in the literature. The article further argues that European integration served as a globalization laboratory in the field of banking regulation and supervision. Accordingly, the EEC used capitalism to foster its integration agenda but was soon overtaken by it.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Drach, Dr Alexis
Authors: Drach, A.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Management
Journal Name:European Review of History: Revue europeenne d'histoire
Publisher:Taylor and Francis
ISSN:1350-7486
ISSN (Online):1469-8293
Published Online:23 July 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor and Francis Group
First Published:First published in European Review of History: Revue europeenne d'histoire 26(4):658-678
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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