Resurgence of vaccine-preventable diseases in Venezuela as a regional public health threat in the Americas

Paniz-Mondolfi, A. E. et al. (2019) Resurgence of vaccine-preventable diseases in Venezuela as a regional public health threat in the Americas. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 25(4), pp. 625-632. (doi: 10.3201/eid2504.181305) (PMID:30698523) (PMCID:PMC6433037)

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Abstract

Venezuela’s tumbling economy and authoritarian rule have precipitated an unprecedented humanitarian crisis. Hyperinflation rates now exceed 45,000%, and Venezuela’s health system is in free fall. The country is experiencing a massive exodus of biomedical scientists and qualified healthcare professionals. Reemergence of arthropod-borne and vaccine-preventable diseases has sparked serious epidemics that also affect neighboring countries. In this article, we discuss the ongoing epidemics of measles and diphtheria in Venezuela and their disproportionate impact on indigenous populations. We also discuss the potential for reemergence of poliomyelitis and conclude that action to halt the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases within Venezuela is a matter of urgency for the country and the region. We further provide specific recommendations for addressing this crisis.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Schwabl, Mr Philipp and Llewellyn, Dr Martin and Hernandez Castro, Mr Luis
Authors: Paniz-Mondolfi, A. E., Tami, A., Grillet, M. E., Márquez, M., Hernández-Villena, J., Escalona-Rodríguez, M. A., Blohm, G. M., Mejías, I., Urbina-Medina, H., Rísquez, A., Castro, J., Carvajal, A., Walter, C., López, M. G., Schwabl, P., Hernández-Castro, L., Miles, M. A., Hotez, P. J., Lednicky, J., Morris, J. G., Crainey, J., Luz, S., Ramírez, J. D., Sordillo, E., Llewellyn, M., Canache, M., Araque, M., and Oletta, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:Emerging Infectious Diseases
Publisher:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
ISSN:1080-6040
ISSN (Online):1080-6059
Published Online:30 January 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Emerging Infectious Diseases 25(4): 625-632
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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