Expanding targets for a metabolic therapy of cancer: L-asparaginase

Covini, D., Tardito, S. , Bussolati, O., Chiarelli, L. R., Pasquetto, M. V., Digilio, R., Valentini, G. and Scotti, C. (2012) Expanding targets for a metabolic therapy of cancer: L-asparaginase. Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery, 7(1), pp. 4-13. (doi: 10.2174/157489212798358001) (PMID:21854356)

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Abstract

The antitumour enzyme L-asparaginase (L-asparagine amidohydrolase, EC 3.5.1.1, ASNase), which catalyses the deamidation of L-asparagine (Asn) to L-aspartic acid and ammonia, has been used for many years in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Also NK tumours, subtypes of myeloid leukaemias and T-cell lymphomas respond to ASNase, and ovarian carcinomas and other solid tumours have been proposed as additional targets for ASNase, with a potential role for its glutaminase activity. The increasing attention devoted to the antitumour activity of ASNase prompted us to analyse recent patents specifically concerning this enzyme. Here, we first give an overview of metabolic pathways affected by Asn and Gln depletion and, hence, potential targets of ASNase. We then discuss recent published patents concerning ASNases. In particular, we pay attention to novel ASNases, such as the recently characterised ASNase produced by Helicobacter pylori, and those presenting amino acid substitutions aimed at improving enzymatic activity of the classical Escherichia coli enzyme. We detail modifications, such as natural glycosylation or synthetic conjugation with other molecules, for therapeutic purposes. Finally, we analyse patents concerning biotechnological protocols and strategies applied to production of ASNase as well as to its administration and delivery in organisms.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tardito, Dr Saverio
Authors: Covini, D., Tardito, S., Bussolati, O., Chiarelli, L. R., Pasquetto, M. V., Digilio, R., Valentini, G., and Scotti, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery
Publisher:Bentham Science Publishers
ISSN:1574-8928
ISSN (Online):2212-3970

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