Communal and efficient movement routines can develop spontaneously through public information use

Riotte-Lambert, L. and Matthiopoulos, J. (2019) Communal and efficient movement routines can develop spontaneously through public information use. Behavioral Ecology, 30(2), pp. 408-416. (doi: 10.1093/beheco/ary180)

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Abstract

Animal aggregations occur in almost all taxa and can be strongly influential for consumer-resource dynamics and population health. Their adaptive value and underlying mechanisms are thus fundamental questions. Many animals use information about resource locations inadvertently broadcasted by other individuals through visual, acoustic, or olfactory cues. Such simple, involuntary information transfer is commonly employed in groups of social animals. However, it remains unknown whether public information use could have been the initial cause of social aggregations. Here, using agent-based modeling, in the absence of inclusive fitness benefits or direct conspecific attraction, we show that the use of ephemeral public information about resource locations can cause memory-based foragers to spontaneously and permanently aggregate into communal home ranges that take the form of movement circuits (also called traplines) along which individuals travel asynchronously. Even though experienced individuals only rely on their personal memory to inform their movement decisions, we find that the use of public information during the learning phase is very beneficial in the long term because the communal circuits are more efficient than those established by individuals that do not use public information. Our results reveal how simple, inadvertent information transfer between naïve, selfish foragers can cause the emergence of long-term aggregations, which are a prerequisite for the evolution of more complex social behaviors. They also suggest that individuals may not necessarily need to witness the entire sequences of actions performed by others to converge to the same behavioral routines.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:L. R.-L. was funded by a Newton International Fellowship from the Royal Society (grant number NF161261)
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Matthiopoulos, Professor Jason and Riotte-Lambert, Dr Louise
Authors: Riotte-Lambert, L., and Matthiopoulos, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Behavioral Ecology
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1045-2249
ISSN (Online):1465-7279
Published Online:21 December 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Behavioral Ecology 30(2):408-416
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
733901Living apart together? The common biological determinants of space use patterns in animalsJason MatthiopoulosThe Royal Society (ROYSOC)NF161261RI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED