Biological motion perception in autism spectrum disorder: a meta-analysis

Todorova, G. K. , Hatton, R. E. M. and Pollick, F. E. (2019) Biological motion perception in autism spectrum disorder: a meta-analysis. Molecular Autism, 10, 49. (doi: 10.1186/s13229-019-0299-8) (PMID:31890147) (PMCID:PMC6921539)

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Abstract

Background: Biological motion, namely the movement of others, conveys information that allows the identification of affective states and intentions. This makes it an important avenue of research in autism spectrum disorder where social functioning is one of the main areas of difficulty. We aimed to create a quantitative summary of previous findings and investigate potential factors, which could explain the variable results found in the literature investigating biological motion perception in autism. Methods: A search from five electronic databases yielded 52 papers eligible for a quantitative summarisation, including behavioural, eye-tracking, electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging studies. Results: Using a three-level random effects meta-analytic approach, we found that individuals with autism generally showed decreased performance in perception and interpretation of biological motion. Results additionally suggest decreased performance when higher order information, such as emotion, is required. Moreover, with the increase of age, the difference between autistic and neurotypical individuals decreases, with children showing the largest effect size overall. Conclusion: We highlight the need for methodological standards and clear distinctions between the age groups and paradigms utilised when trying to interpret differences between the two populations.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pollick, Professor Frank and Todorova, Ms Greta
Authors: Todorova, G. K., Hatton, R. E. M., and Pollick, F. E.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Molecular Autism
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:2040-2392
ISSN (Online):2040-2392
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Molecular Autism 10: 49
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
Data DOI:10.5255/UKDA-SN-853277

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
3031660Scottish Graduate School Science Doctoral Training Partnership (DTP)Mary Beth KneafseyEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/P000681/1SS - Academic & Student Administration