Design considerations for borehole thermal energy storage (BTES): A review with emphasis on convective heat transfer

Skarphagen, H., Banks, D. , Frengstad, B. S. and Gether, H. (2019) Design considerations for borehole thermal energy storage (BTES): A review with emphasis on convective heat transfer. Geofluids, 2019, 4961781. (doi:10.1155/2019/4961781)

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Abstract

Borehole thermal energy storage (BTES) exploits the high volumetric heat capacity of rock-forming minerals and pore water to store large quantities of heat (or cold) on a seasonal basis in the geological environment. The BTES is a volume of rock or sediment accessed via an array of borehole heat exchangers (BHE). Even well-designed BTES arrays will lose a significant quantity of heat to the adjacent and subjacent rocks/sediments and to the surface; both theoretical calculations and empirical observations suggest that seasonal thermal recovery factors in excess of 50% are difficult to obtain. Storage efficiency may be dramatically reduced in cases where (i) natural groundwater advection through the BTES removes stored heat, (ii) extensive free convection cells (thermosiphons) are allowed to form, and (iii) poor BTES design results in a high surface area/volume ratio of the array shape, allowing high conductive heat losses. The most efficient array shape will typically be a cylinder with similar dimensions of diameter and depth, preferably with an insulated top surface. Despite the potential for moderate thermal recovery, the sheer volume of thermal storage that the natural geological environment offers can still make BTES a very attractive strategy for seasonal thermal energy storage within a “smart” district heat network, especially when coupled with more efficient surficial engineered dynamic thermal energy stores (DTES).

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Banks, Mr David
Authors: Skarphagen, H., Banks, D., Frengstad, B. S., and Gether, H.
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QE Geology
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Geofluids
Publisher:Hindawi
ISSN:1468-8115
ISSN (Online):1468-8123
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Geofluids 2019:4961781
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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