The relationship between body mass index, sex, and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing potentially curative surgery for colorectal cancer

Almasaudi, A. S., McSorley, S. T. , Horgan, P. G. , McMillan, D. C. and Edwards, C. A. (2019) The relationship between body mass index, sex, and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing potentially curative surgery for colorectal cancer. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, 30, pp. 185-189. (doi:10.1016/j.clnesp.2018.12.084) (PMID:30904219)

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Abstract

Background: There is increasing evidence that an increased BMI is associated with increased complications after surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the basis of this relationship is not clear. Since men and women have different fat distribution, with men more likely to have excess visceral fat in BMI defined obesity, there may be a sex difference in the surgical site infection (SSIs) rate in the obese. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between sex, BMI, clinic-pathological characteristics and the development of postoperative infective complications after surgery for CRC and to establish whether there were gender differences in complication following surgery for CRC. Design: Data were recorded prospectively for patients undergoing potentially curative surgery for CRC in a single centre between 1997 and 2016. Patient characteristics were recorded and complications were classified as either infective or non-infective. The relationship between sex, BMI, associated clinicopathological characteristics and presences of complications were examined by Chi-square test for linear association and multivariate binary logistic regression model. Results: A total of 1039 patients were included. There were significant differences in the presence of complications between male and female (p ≤ 0.001), the rate of complication was higher in obese male (44%); in particular SSIs, wound infection and anastomotic leak (p ≤ 0.05). The rate of surgical site infection was 12% in male patients with normal BMI compared with 26% in those with a BMI ≥30 (p ≤ 0.001), while the rate of SSIs in female patients was 10% in those with normal BMI and those with a BMI ≥30. In males, BMI remained significantly associated with SSI on multivariate analysis [(OR = 1.42, 95% CI 1.13–1.78) P = 0,002]. Conclusions: Obesity prior to surgery for CRC increases the risk of infective complications in both male and female. Increased BMI in male patients was associated greater risk of SSIs and wound infection compared to female patients. Male obese patients should be considered at high risk of developing post-operative infective complications.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the Faculty of Applied Medical Science, Clinical Nutrition Department at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Edwards, Professor Christine and Horgan, Professor Paul and Almasaudi, Arwa and McMillan, Professor Donald and McSorley, Dr Stephen
Authors: Almasaudi, A. S., McSorley, S. T., Horgan, P. G., McMillan, D. C., and Edwards, C. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2405-4577
ISSN (Online):2405-4577
Published Online:11 January 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism
First Published:First published in Clinical Nutrition ESPEN 2019
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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