Effects of tiagabine and vigabatrin on GABA uptake into primary cultures of rat cortical astrocytes

Leach, J. P., Sills, G. J., Majid, A., Butler, E., Carswell, A., Thompson, G. G. and Brodie, M. J. (1996) Effects of tiagabine and vigabatrin on GABA uptake into primary cultures of rat cortical astrocytes. Seizure, 5(3), pp. 229-234. (doi: 10.1016/S1059-1311(96)80041-0) (PMID:8902926)

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Abstract

Tiagabine (TGB) and vigabatrin (VGB) are two novel anticonvulsant compounds reported to exert their pharmacological effects via an action on the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system. We have investigated the effects of acute exposure of these drugs on the uptake of GABA into rat cortical astrocytes in primary culture. Astrocytes were prepared from the cerebral cortices of one-day-old rat pups by a mechanical dissociation technique and were assayed for GABA uptake activity after 21 days in culture. Tiagabine (100–300 nm) and VGB (100 μm) reduced GABA uptake when compared to control at four hours post-exposure. GABA uptake was also reduced following eight and 24 hour exposures to 200 nm TGB. A combination of TGB (200 nm) and VGB (100μm treatments reduced GABA uptake when compared to both control and VGB treated cultures. These results support the efficacy of TGB as a GABA uptake inhibitor and suggest that VGB may also exert an effect by this mechanism.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sills, Dr Graeme
Authors: Leach, J. P., Sills, G. J., Majid, A., Butler, E., Carswell, A., Thompson, G. G., and Brodie, M. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:Seizure
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1059-1311
ISSN (Online):1532-2688

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