Positive and negative well-being and objectively measured sedentary behaviour in older adults: evidence from three cohorts

Okely, J. A., Čukić, I., Shaw, R. J. , Chastin, S. F., Dall, P. M., Deary, I. J., Der, G. , Dontje, M. L., Skelton, D. A. and Gale, C. R. (2019) Positive and negative well-being and objectively measured sedentary behaviour in older adults: evidence from three cohorts. BMC Geriatrics, 19, 28. (doi:10.1186/s12877-019-1026-1) (PMID:30700261) (PMCID:PMC6354406)

Okely, J. A., Čukić, I., Shaw, R. J. , Chastin, S. F., Dall, P. M., Deary, I. J., Der, G. , Dontje, M. L., Skelton, D. A. and Gale, C. R. (2019) Positive and negative well-being and objectively measured sedentary behaviour in older adults: evidence from three cohorts. BMC Geriatrics, 19, 28. (doi:10.1186/s12877-019-1026-1) (PMID:30700261) (PMCID:PMC6354406)

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Abstract

Background: Sedentary behaviour is related to poorer health independently of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether wellbeing or symptoms of anxiety or depression predict sedentary behaviour in older adults. Method: Participants were drawn from the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (LBC1936) (n = 271), and the West of Scotland Twenty-07 1950s (n = 309) and 1930s (n = 118) cohorts. Sedentary outcomes, sedentary time, and number of sit-to-stand transitions, were measured with a three-dimensional accelerometer (activPAL activity monitor) worn for 7 days. In the Twenty-07 cohorts, symptoms of anxiety and depression were assessed in 2008 and sedentary outcomes were assessed ~ 8 years later in 2015 and 2016. In the LBC1936 cohort, wellbeing and symptoms of anxiety and depression were assessed concurrently with sedentary behaviour in 2015 and 2016. We tested for an association between wellbeing, anxiety or depression and the sedentary outcomes using multivariate regression analysis. Results: We observed no association between wellbeing or symptoms of anxiety and the sedentary outcomes. Symptoms of depression were positively associated with sedentary time in the LBC1936 and Twenty-07 1950s cohort, and negatively associated with number of sit-to-stand transitions in the LBC1936. Meta-analytic estimates of the association between depressive symptoms and sedentary time or number of sit-to-stand transitions, adjusted for age, sex, BMI, long-standing illness, and education, were β = 0.11 (95% CI = 0.03, 0.18) and β = − 0.11 (95% CI = − 0.19, −0.03) respectively. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that depressive symptoms are positively associated with sedentary behavior. Future studies should investigate the causal direction of this association.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:LBC1936 data collection is supported by the Disconnected Mind project (funded by Age UK and MRC [Mr/M01311/1 and G1001245/96077]) and undertaken within the University of Edinburgh Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology (funded by the BBSRC and MRC as part of the LLHW [MR/K026992/1]). The West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study was funded by the MRC and the data were originally collected by the MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit (MC_A540_53462).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Der, Mr Geoffrey and Shaw, Dr Richard
Authors: Okely, J. A., Čukić, I., Shaw, R. J., Chastin, S. F., Dall, P. M., Deary, I. J., Der, G., Dontje, M. L., Skelton, D. A., and Gale, C. R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:BMC Geriatrics
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2318
ISSN (Online):1471-2318
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in BMC Geriatrics 19:28
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
620531Seniors - understanding sedentary behaviourGeoffrey DerMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/K025023/1IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU