Assault–related sharp force injury among adults in Scotland 2001–2013: incidence, socio-demographic determinants and relationship to violence reduction measures

Goodall, C. A. , MacFie, F., Conway, D. I. and McMahon, A. D. (2019) Assault–related sharp force injury among adults in Scotland 2001–2013: incidence, socio-demographic determinants and relationship to violence reduction measures. Aggression and Violent Behavior, (doi:10.1016/j.avb.2018.10.002) (In Press)

Goodall, C. A. , MacFie, F., Conway, D. I. and McMahon, A. D. (2019) Assault–related sharp force injury among adults in Scotland 2001–2013: incidence, socio-demographic determinants and relationship to violence reduction measures. Aggression and Violent Behavior, (doi:10.1016/j.avb.2018.10.002) (In Press)

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Abstract

Background: The number of patients with assault-related sharp force injury has declined in recent years in Scotland. This study aimed to determine the incidence of these injuries over time and to explore their key socio-demographic determinants. Methods: Routinely collected coded hospital admission data for the time period 2001–2013 were used to calculate annual incidence rates by age-group, gender, geographical region, and area-based Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation using midyear population estimates. A Poisson regression analysis model was developed including the variables: age-group, gender, year, geographical region, and deprivation quintile. The data were compared with available published crime data. Results: The incidence of sharp force injury showed an ongoing decline between 2001 and 2013. The fall was greatest among young people and in the West of Scotland and mirrored the reduction in weapons and knife related offences. The relative risk of sustaining a sharp force injury was greatest for younger age-groups, among males, and in those resident in the West of Scotland and in areas of socioeconomic deprivation. Conclusions: There already exist a range of violence prevention measures in Scotland, but in order to further reduce the inequality associated with sharp force injury, interventions should be further targeted to working with younger men from deprived communities of Scotland.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Sharp-force injury, interpersonal violence, socio-demographic determinants, violence reduction, prevention.
Status:In Press
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Goodall, Dr Christine and McMahon, Dr Alex and Conway, Professor David
Authors: Goodall, C. A., MacFie, F., Conway, D. I., and McMahon, A. D.
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Research Group:Community Oral Health
Journal Name:Aggression and Violent Behavior
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1359-1789
ISSN (Online):1873-6335
Published Online:19 October 2018

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