Paper-based microfluidics for DNA diagnostics of malaria in low resource underserved rural communities

Reboud, J. , Xu, G., Garrett, A. , Adriko, M., Yang, Z. , Tukahebwa, E., Rowel, C. and Cooper, J. M. (2019) Paper-based microfluidics for DNA diagnostics of malaria in low resource underserved rural communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(11), pp. 4834-4842. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1812296116) (PMID:30782834) (PMCID:PMC6421471)

[img]
Preview
Text
176938.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

898kB

Abstract

Rapid, low-cost, species-specific diagnosis, based upon DNA testing, is becoming important in the treatment of patients with infectious diseases. Here, we demonstrate an innovation that uses origami to enable multiplexed, sensitive assays that rival polymerase chain reactions (PCR) laboratory assays and provide high-quality, fast precision diagnostics for malaria. The paper-based microfluidic technology proposed here combines vertical flow sample-processing steps, including paper folding for whole-blood sample preparation, with an isothermal amplification and a lateral flow detection, incorporating a simple visualization system. Studies were performed in village schools in Uganda with individual diagnoses being completed in <50 min (faster than the standard laboratory-based PCR). The tests, which enabled the diagnosis of malaria species in patients from a finger prick of whole blood, were both highly sensitive and specific, detecting malaria in 98% of infected individuals in a double-blind first-in-human study. Our method was more sensitive than other field-based, benchmark techniques, including optical microscopy and industry standard rapid immunodiagnostic tests, both performed by experienced local healthcare teams (which detected malaria in 86% and 83% of cases, respectively). All assays were independently validated using a real-time double-blinded reference PCR assay. We not only demonstrate that advanced, low-cost DNA-based sensors can be implemented in underserved communities at the point of need but also highlight the challenges associated with developing and implementing new diagnostic technologies in the field, without access to laboratories or infrastructure.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Garrett, Miss Alice and Cooper, Professor Jonathan and Reboud, Dr Julien and Xu, Mr Gaolian and Yang, Dr Zhugen
Authors: Reboud, J., Xu, G., Garrett, A., Adriko, M., Yang, Z., Tukahebwa, E., Rowel, C., and Cooper, J. M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
ISSN (Online):1091-6490
Published Online:19 February 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116(11): 4834-4842
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
Data DOI:10.5525/gla.researchdata.722

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
3020170EPSRC GCRF ISA 2017 - University of GlasgowLynne McCorristonEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/R512813/1S&E - Business Development
553521Next Generation Analytical Tools: Application to Protein Oxidations that affect Human Health and WellbeingJonathan CooperEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/I017887/1ENG - BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
3005730Novel low cost diagnostic tools and their impact in AfricaJonathan CooperEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/R01437X/1ENG - Biomedical Engineering
625501Bio-PHONONICS: Advanced Microfluidics & Diagnostics using Acoustic Holograms Bio-PhononicsJonathan CooperEuropean Research Council (ERC)340117ENG - BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING