Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation

Willer, C. J. et al. (2009) Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation. Nature Genetics, 41(1), pp. 25-34. (doi:10.1038/ng.287)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.287

Abstract

Common variants at only two loci, FTO and MC4R, have been reproducibly associated with body mass index (BMI) in humans. To identify additional loci, we conducted meta-analysis of 15 genome-wide association studies for BMI (n < 32,000) and followed up top signals in 14 additional cohorts (n > 59,000). We strongly confirm FTO and MC4R and identify six additional loci (P < 5 10-8): TMEM18, KCTD15, GNPDA2, SH2B1, MTCH2 and NEGR1 (where a 45-kb deletion polymorphism is a candidate causal variant). Several of the likely causal genes are highly expressed or known to act in the central nervous system (CNS), emphasizing, as in rare monogenic forms of obesity, the role of the CNS in predisposition to obesity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Elliott, Professor Alex
Authors: Willer, C. J., Speliotes, E. K., Loos, R. J. F., Li, S., Lindgren, C. M., Heid, I. M., Berndt, S. I., Elliott, A. L., Jackson, A. U., Lamina, C., Lettre, G., Lim, N., Lyon, H. N., McCarroll, S. A., Papadakis, K., Qi, L., Randall, J. C., Roccasecca, R. M., Sanna, S., Scheet, P., Weedon, M. N., Wheeler, E., Zhao, J. H., Jacobs, L. C., Prokopenko, I., Soranzo, N., Tanaka, T., Timpson, N. J., Almgren, P., Bennett, A., Bergman, R. N., Bingham, S. A., Bonnycastle, L. L., Brown, M., Burtt, N. P., Chines, P., Coin, L., Collins, F. S., Connell, J. M., Cooper, C., Smith, G. D., Dennison, E. M., Deodhar, P., Elliott, P., Erdos, M. R., Estrada, K., Evans, D. M., Gianniny, L., Gieger, C., Gillson, C. J., Guiducci, C., Hackett, R., Hadley, D., Hall, A. S., Havulinna, A. S., Hebebrand, J., Hofman, A., Isomaa, B., Jacobs, K. B., Johnson, T., Jousilahti, P., Jovanovic, Z., Khaw, K.-T., Kraft, P., Kuokkanen, M., Kuusisto, J., Laitinen, J., Lakatta, E. G., Luan, J.'a., Luben, R. N., Mangino, M., McArdle, W. L., Meitinger, T., Mulas, A., Munroe, P. B., Narisu, N., Ness, A. R., Northstone, K., O'Rahilly, S., Purmann, C., Rees, M. G., Ridderstrale, M., Ring, S. M., Rivadeneira, F., Ruokonen, A., Sandhu, M. S., Saramies, J., Scott, L. J., Scuteri, A., Silander, K., Sims, M. A., Song, K., Stephens, J., Stevens, S., Stringham, H. M., Tung, Y. C. L., Valle, T. T., Van Duijn, C. M., Vimaleswaran, K. S., Vollenweider, P., Waeber, G., Wallace, C., Watanabe, R. M., Waterworth, D. M., Watkins, N., Witteman, J. C. M., Zeggini, E., Zhai, G., Zillikens, M. C., Altshuler, D., Caulfield, M. J., Chanock, S. J., Farooqi, I. S., Ferrucci, L., Guralnik, J. M., Hattersley, A. T., Hu, F. B., Jarvelin, M.-R., Laakso, M., Mooser, V., Ong, K. K., Ouwehand, W. H., Salomaa, V., Samani, N. J., Spector, T. D., Tuomi, T., Tuomilehto, J., Uda, M., Uitterlinden, A. G., Wareham, N. J., Deloukas, P., Frayling, T. M., Groop, L. C., Hayes, R. B., Hunter, D. J., Mohlke, K. L., Peltonen, L., Schlessinger, D., Strachan, D. P., Wichmann, H.-E., McCarthy, M. I., Boehnke, M., Barroso, I., Abecasis, G. R., and Hirschhorn, J. N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Nature Genetics
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1061-4036
ISSN (Online):1546-1718
Published Online:14 December 2008
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
392521Regulation of aldosterone and cortisol synthesis in hypertension and cardiovascular diseaseEleanor DaviesMedical Research Council (MRC)G0400874Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
392522Regulation of aldosterone and cortisol synthesis in hypertension and cardiovascular diseaseEleanor DaviesMedical Research Council (MRC)G0400874Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences