Medical imaging and facial soft tissue thickness studies for forensic craniofacial approximation: a pilot study on modern Cretans

Somos, C., Rea, P. , Shankland, S. and Kranioti, E. (2019) Medical imaging and facial soft tissue thickness studies for forensic craniofacial approximation: a pilot study on modern Cretans. In: Rea, P. M. (ed.) Biomedical Visualisation, Volume 2. Series: Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 2 (1138). Springer Nature, pp. 71-86. ISBN 9783030142261 (doi:10.1007/978-3-030-14227-8_6)

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Publisher's URL: https://www.springer.com/gb/book/9783030142261

Abstract

Forensic cases may require craniofacial approximations for unidentifiable victims. The accuracy of these approximations is improved by using population-specific average soft tissue depths. This study used CT scans from 64 Cretan adults (32 male and 32 female) to produce three-dimensional models of each individual’s cranium and skin surface. Using the models, the soft tissue depths were measured at 36 craniofacial landmarks; the means and standard deviations were calculated for the general Cretan population, and for male and female Cretans separately. Cretan facial soft tissue depths were then compared to those of French, Slovak, and Korean adults. 16 of the 36 landmarks exhibited sex differences among Cretans, with males having consistently thicker depths than females. The facial soft tissue depths of Cretan adults also presented significant differences when compared to other populations. Overall, the average soft tissue depths obtained represent the first database for the craniofacial approximation of Cretan (Greek) adults.

Item Type:Book Sections
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shankland, Miss Sheona and Rea, Professor Paul
Authors: Somos, C., Rea, P., Shankland, S., and Kranioti, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Publisher:Springer Nature
ISBN:9783030142261

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