Bypassing health facilities in rural Mozambique: spatial, institutional, and individual determinants

Yao, J. and Agadjanian, V. (2018) Bypassing health facilities in rural Mozambique: spatial, institutional, and individual determinants. BMC Health Services Research, 18, 1006. (doi:10.1186/s12913-018-3834-y) (PMID:30594198)

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Abstract

Background: Access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services is critical for such outcomes as pregnancy and birth, prenatal and neonatal mortality, maternal morbidity and mortality, and prevention of vertical transmission of infections like HIV. Health facilities are typically set up where they can efficiently serve the nearby targeted population. However, the actual utilization of health care can be complicated as people sometimes bypass the closest or nearby facilities for various reasons such as service quality. A better understanding of how people actually utilize health services can benefit future health resource allocation as well as health program planning. Methods: In this study, we use prenatal care as an example of a basic, widely available service to investigate women’s choice and bypassing of SRH facilities as well as potential influencing factors at the geographic, clinic, household, and individual levels. The data come from a population-based survey of women of reproductive age in rural Mozambique. The spatial pattern of utilization of health clinics for prenatal care is explored by geographical information system (GIS)- based spatial analysis. Logistic regression is fitted to test the hypotheses regarding the effect of distance, service quality, and household/individual-level factors on the bypassing of the nearest clinic. Results: The results indicate that most women living near clinics tend to utilize the closest facilities for prenatal care and those who travel farther mainly do so to seek better services. Further, for women who live far from a clinic (> 5.5 km), service quality still plays an important role in the facility bypassing while the effect of distance is no longer significant. The bypassing of nearest facility is also affected by individual characteristics such as age, HIV status, and household economic conditions. Conclusions: The findings help to better understand health facility choice and bypassing in developing settings, in general, and in resource-limited Sub-Saharan settings, in particular. They offer valuable guidance for future health resource allocation and health service planning.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Yao, Dr Jing
Authors: Yao, J., and Agadjanian, V.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:BMC Health Services Research
Publisher:Biomed Central
ISSN:1472-6963
ISSN (Online):1472-6963
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in BMC Health Services Research 18:1006
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
3008820GCRF Centre for Sustainable, Healthy, and Learning Cities and Neighbourhoods (CSHLH)Ya Ping WangEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/P011020/1S&PS - Urban Studies