Noble gases in pyrites from the Guocheng-Liaoshang gold belt in the Jiaodong province: evidence for a mantle source of gold

Tan, J. et al. (2018) Noble gases in pyrites from the Guocheng-Liaoshang gold belt in the Jiaodong province: evidence for a mantle source of gold. Chemical Geology, 480, pp. 105-115. (doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.09.027)

Tan, J. et al. (2018) Noble gases in pyrites from the Guocheng-Liaoshang gold belt in the Jiaodong province: evidence for a mantle source of gold. Chemical Geology, 480, pp. 105-115. (doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.09.027)

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Abstract

The recent mineral exploration programme (2009–2014) in the Jiaodong gold province identified the new Guocheng-Liaoshang gold metallogenic belt which contains reserves of 92 tonnes (t) Au. In the main deposits the ore is fault-hosted in massive sulfides that make up to 25 to 95 vol%. The He-Ar isotope compositions of ore-forming fluids from 20 pyrite samples from the five main deposits are reported here. 3He/4He range between 0.41 and 2.39 Ra, 40Ar/36Ar are 367 to 2112 and 40Ar⁎/4He are 0.40–3.78. The data require four gas sources; a dominant mantle-derived component plus sub-ordinate crustal radiogenic, meteoric and basin brine components. The mantle end-member has 3He/4He (3.32–4.00 Ra). This is lower than most estimates for sub-continental lithospheric mantle (SCLM: 6–7 Ra), implying that it was probably refertilized by subduction-related fluid metasomatism. This is consistent with He-Ar isotopes reported for SCLM xenoliths from basalts in the Shandong Province. Within the mineralisation province, the mine Au reserve is positively correlated with the proportion of mantle-derived He in the ore-forming fluids. This implies that the fluids, and by inference the gold, was largely derived from mantle melts during lithospheric extension. Given the conspicuous association of gold ore deposits with mantle-derived magma in the Jiaodong Peninsula, we envisage that our genetic model can be applied, to some extent, to evaluate the potential of some mineral exploration targets.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The study is co-supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFC0600105), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91514303 and 41425013) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (Grant No. CUGL17043).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Stuart, Professor Finlay
Authors: Tan, J., Wei, J., He, H., Su, F., Li, Y., Fu, L., Zhao, S., Xiao, G., Zhang, F., Xu, J., Liu, Y., Stuart, F. M., and Zhu, R.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Chemical Geology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0009-2541
ISSN (Online):1872-6836
Published Online:21 September 2017

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