Mantle volatiles and heat contributions in high sulfidation epithermal deposit from the Zijinshan Cu-Au-Mo-Ag orefield, Fujian Province, China: Evidence from He and Ar isotopes

Wu, L.-Y., Hu, R.-Z., Li, X.-F., Stuart, F. M. , Jiang, G.-H., Qi, Y.-Q. and Zhu, J.-J. (2018) Mantle volatiles and heat contributions in high sulfidation epithermal deposit from the Zijinshan Cu-Au-Mo-Ag orefield, Fujian Province, China: Evidence from He and Ar isotopes. Chemical Geology, 480, pp. 58-65. (doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.08.005)

[img]
Preview
Text
176027.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

1MB

Abstract

The source of metal and sulphur in porphyry and related epithermal deposits is a long debated issue. The role of mantle-derived magmas in providing the metals has proved particularly problematic. Here we report new He and Ar isotope determinations from ore fluids from the Zijinshan high sulfidation-epithermal Cu-Au deposit and Wuziqilong transitional Cu deposit from the giant Zijinshan porphyry-epithermal Cu-Au-Mo-Ag ore system (from 105 to 91 Ma), to decipher the contribution of mantle-derived volatiles and heat. Hydrothermal fluids in pyrite and digenite have 3He/4He up to 5.7 Ra, among the highest measured in ancient ore-forming fluids. A linear correlation between He and Ar isotopes indicate that the ore fluids were, to a first order, a mixture between a shallow crustal fluid, with low 3He/4He, and a dominantly mantle-derived fluid with high 3He/4He. The mantle 3He/4He is close to values typical of the upper mantle indicating the initial magmas that provided the heat for hydrothermal systems did not assimilate large volumes of continental crust. The ore-forming fluids have 3He/heat ratios that are 10 to 80 times higher than that of mid-oceanic ridge hydrothermal fluids, indicating that the metal-bearing fluids acquired heat and volatiles in a convective, rather than conductive, hydrothermal regime. It appears that mantle-derived volatiles, heat and probably metals have made a major contribution to the Cu-Au-Mo-Ag mineralization in the Zijinshan orefield.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was financially supported jointly by the National Basic Research Programs of China (2012CB416705, 2014CB440906), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41103023) and the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0600207).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Stuart, Professor Finlay
Authors: Wu, L.-Y., Hu, R.-Z., Li, X.-F., Stuart, F. M., Jiang, G.-H., Qi, Y.-Q., and Zhu, J.-J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Chemical Geology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0009-2541
ISSN (Online):1872-6836
Published Online:09 August 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
First Published:First published in Chemical Geology 480:58-65
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record