Cellular senescence in pre-transplant renal biopsies predicts postoperative organ function

McGlynn, L.M., Stevenson, K., Lamb, K., Zino, S., Brown, M., Prina, A., Kingsmore, D. and Shiels, P.G. (2009) Cellular senescence in pre-transplant renal biopsies predicts postoperative organ function. Aging Cell, 8(1), pp. 45-51. (doi:10.1111/j.1474-9726.2008.00447.x)

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Abstract

Older and marginal donors have been used to meet the shortfall in available organs for renal transplantation. Post-transplant renal function and outcome from these donors are often poorer than chronologically younger donors. Some organs, however, function adequately for many years. We have hypothesized that such organs are biologically younger than poorer performing counterparts. We have tested this hypothesis in a cohort of pre-implantation human renal allograft biopsies (n = 75) that have been assayed by real-time polymerase chain reaction for the expression of known markers of cellular damage and biological aging, including CDKN2A, CDKN1A, SIRT2 and POT1. These have been investigated for any associations with traditional factors affecting transplant outcome (donor age, cold ischaemic time) and organ function post-transplant (serum creatinine levels). Linear regression analyses indicated a strong association for serum creatinine with pre-transplant CDKN2A levels (p = 0.001) and donor age (p = 0.004) at 6 months post-transplant. Both these markers correlated significantly with urinary protein to creatinine ratios (p = 0.002 and p = 0.005 respectively), an informative marker for subsequent graft dysfunction. POT1 expression also showed a significant association with this parameter (p = 0.05). Multiple linear regression analyses for CDKN2A and donor age accounted for 24.6% (p = 0.001) of observed variability in serum creatinine levels at 6 months and 23.7% (p = 0.001) at 1 year post-transplant. Thus, these data indicate that allograft biological age is an important novel prognostic determinant for renal transplant outcome.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shiels, Professor Paul and Stevenson, Mrs Katrina and Kingsmore, Mr David and McGlynn, Dr Liane and Zino, Mr Samer
Authors: McGlynn, L.M., Stevenson, K., Lamb, K., Zino, S., Brown, M., Prina, A., Kingsmore, D., and Shiels, P.G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Aging Cell
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
ISSN:1474-9718
ISSN (Online):1474-9726
Published Online:05 December 2008

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