Towards practical application of gasification: a critical review from syngas and biochar perspectives

You, S. , Ok, Y. S., Tsang, D. C.W., Kwon, E. E. and Wang, C.-H. (2018) Towards practical application of gasification: a critical review from syngas and biochar perspectives. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 48(22-24), pp. 1165-1213. (doi:10.1080/10643389.2018.1518860)

You, S. , Ok, Y. S., Tsang, D. C.W., Kwon, E. E. and Wang, C.-H. (2018) Towards practical application of gasification: a critical review from syngas and biochar perspectives. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 48(22-24), pp. 1165-1213. (doi:10.1080/10643389.2018.1518860)

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Abstract

Syngas and biochar production are mainly influenced by temperature, feedstock properties, gasifying agent, pressure, and the mass ratio between gasifying agent and feedstock with temperature being the most significant factor. Increasing temperature generally promotes syngas production while suppressing biochar production. The selection of gasifiers (fixed bed, fluidized bed, and entrained flow) is highly dependent on scale requirement (e.g., volume of feedstock and energy demand), feedstock characteristics (e.g., moisture and ash content), and the quality of syngas and biochar. Updraft fixed bed gasifiers are suitable for the feedstocks with a moisture content up to 50 wt.%. High ash feedstocks such as Indian coal, dried sewage sludge, and municipal solid waste that are not suitable for fixed bed gasifiers, have been successfully gasified in bubbling fluidized bed reactors. Woody biomass is not suitable for entrained flow gasifiers unless specialized feeding methods are employed such as wood torrefaction and grinding followed by the existing feeding methods for pulverized coals, biomass-oil biochar slurry preparation followed by pumping, wood or torrefied wood slurry preparation followed by pumping, etc. Syngas and biochar can potentially be contaminated by NH3, H2S, and tar, which can be removed using catalysts (e.g., Ni-based), metal oxides-based sorbents, and thermal and catalytic cracking methods. Existing syngas and biochar upgrading methods suffered from various problems such as economic infeasibility, limited productivity, and fouling, and future syngas and biochar upgrading methods should be aimed to have the features of reliability, security, affordability, and sustainability, towards the practical, large-scale production of syngas- and biochar-based products. One potential solution is to develop integrated systems by combining biochar upgrading and application with syngas upgrading, which warrants an integrated perspective based on both life cycle assessment and economic analysis.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Chi-Hwa Wang and Siming You acknowledge the funding support by the National Research Foundation (NRF), Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore under its Campus for Research Excellence and Technological Enterprise (CREATE) program. Grant Number R-706-001-101-281, National University of Singapore.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:You, Dr Siming
Authors: You, S., Ok, Y. S., Tsang, D. C.W., Kwon, E. E., and Wang, C.-H.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1064-3389
ISSN (Online):1547-6537
Published Online:11 December 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Informa UK Limited
First Published:First published in Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 48(22-24):1165-1213
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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