Serum and acute phase protein changes in laying hens, infested with poultry red mite

Kaab, H., Bain, M. M. , Bartley, K., Turnbull, F., Wright, H. W., Nisbet, A. J., Burchmore, R. and Eckersall, P. D. (2019) Serum and acute phase protein changes in laying hens, infested with poultry red mite. Poultry Science, 98(2), pp. 679-687. (doi:10.3382/ps/pey431) (PMID:30239853)

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Abstract

The poultry red mite (PRM) is one of the most economically important ectoparasites of laying hens globally. This mite can have significant deleterious effects on its fowl host including distress, anemia, reduced egg production, and reduced egg quality. This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of PRM on the serum protein profile in laying hens and its effect on the acute phase proteins (APPs) to assess their potential as biomarkers for mite infestation. Three APPs: alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (AGP), serum amyloid-A (SAA), and ceruloplasmin (CP) were measured in serum samples collected from laying hens at 12 and 17 wk of age, and then for up to 4 mo after a challenge with PRM (starting at 18.5 wk of age). The serum protein profile (SDS-PAGE/nanoflow HPLC electrospray tandem mass spectrometry) and concentration of individual serum proteins (SDS-PAGE-band densitometry) were also compared. Post challenge there was a positive correlation (r = 0.489; P < 0.004) between the levels of SAA and the PRM numbers. The levels of SAA steadily increased after the PRM challenge and were significantly different than the pre-challenge levels at 28, 32, and 36 wk of age (P < 0.01). The PRM numbers also peaked around 31-33 wk of age. The results for AGP and CP in comparison were inconsistent. Proteomics revealed the presence of 2 high molecular weight proteins in the serum between 12 and 17 wk of age. These were identified as Apolipoprotein-B and Vitellogenin-2, and their increase was commensurate with the onset of lay. No other major differences were detected in the protein profiles of blood sera collected pre and post challenge. We conclude that SAA could be used as a useful biomarker to monitor PRM infestation in commercial poultry flocks and that PRM infestation does not disrupt the production of the major proteins in the serum that are associated with egg formation.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funded by the BBRSC (grant reference BB/J01513X/1).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Burchmore, Dr Richard and Turnbull, Dr Frank and Eckersall, Professor Peter and Bain, Professor Maureen and Nisbet, Dr Alasdair and KAAB, Haider
Authors: Kaab, H., Bain, M. M., Bartley, K., Turnbull, F., Wright, H. W., Nisbet, A. J., Burchmore, R., and Eckersall, P. D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Poultry Science
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0032-5791
ISSN (Online):1525-3171
Published Online:17 September 2018

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