A review on the interactions between the tumour microenvironment and androgen receptor signaling in prostate cancer

McAllister, M. J., Underwood, M. A., Leung, H. Y. and Edwards, J. (2019) A review on the interactions between the tumour microenvironment and androgen receptor signaling in prostate cancer. Translational Research, 206, pp. 91-106. (doi:10.1016/j.trsl.2018.11.004) (PMID:30528321)

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Abstract

Prostate cancer growth is controlled by androgen receptor signaling via both androgen-dependent and androgen-independent pathways. Furthermore, the prostate is an immune competent organ with inflammatory changes both within the systemic and local environment contributing to the reprogramming of the prostatic epithelium with consistently elevated lymphocyte infiltration and pro-inflammatory cytokines being found in prostate cancer. The crosstalk between the tumour microenvironment and androgen receptor signaling is complex with both pro-tumorigenic and anti-tumourigenic roles observed. However, despite an increase in immune checkpoint inhibitors and inflammatory signaling blockades available for a range of cancer types, we are yet to see substantial progress in the treatment of prostate cancer. Therefore, this review aims to summarize the tumour microenvironment and its impact on androgen receptor signaling in prostate cancer.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Leung, Professor Hing and Underwood, Mr Mark and Edwards, Professor Joanne and McAllister, Milly
Authors: McAllister, M. J., Underwood, M. A., Leung, H. Y., and Edwards, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Translational Research
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1931-5244
ISSN (Online):1878-1810
Published Online:24 November 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
First Published:First published in Translational Research 206: 91-106
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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