The effects of neighbourhood offender concentrations on the number, type and location of crimes committed by resident offenders

Kearns, A. , Livingston, M. , Galster, G. and Bannister, J. (2019) The effects of neighbourhood offender concentrations on the number, type and location of crimes committed by resident offenders. British Journal of Criminology, 59(3), pp. 653-673. (doi:10.1093/bjc/azy065)

Kearns, A. , Livingston, M. , Galster, G. and Bannister, J. (2019) The effects of neighbourhood offender concentrations on the number, type and location of crimes committed by resident offenders. British Journal of Criminology, 59(3), pp. 653-673. (doi:10.1093/bjc/azy065)

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Abstract

This paper examines whether criminals commit more crimes when living among other offenders. We estimate a fixed-effect, negative binomial model of individual reoffending using a quarterly panel data set across a decade for 693 neighbourhoods in Glasgow, which provides plausibly causal relationships. The concentration of recently active offenders has positive effects upon the subsequent number of property and violent crimes committed by resident offenders both inside and outside the neighbourhood. The concentration of young males also has a positive effect upon both crime types in both locations. Further understanding of peer influences by crime type and location, and of the effects of offender concentrations on processes of social control are required. The deconcentration of offenders is justified on social equity grounds.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kearns, Professor Ade and Livingston, Dr Mark
Authors: Kearns, A., Livingston, M., Galster, G., and Bannister, J.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:British Journal of Criminology
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0007-0955
ISSN (Online):1464-3529
Published Online:14 December 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in British Journal of Criminology 59(3): 653-673
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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