Ethnic differences in overweight and obesity in early adolescence in the MRC DASH study: the role of adolescent and parental lifestyle

Harding, S., Teyhan, A., Maynard, M. J. and Cruickshank, J. K. (2008) Ethnic differences in overweight and obesity in early adolescence in the MRC DASH study: the role of adolescent and parental lifestyle. International Journal of Epidemiology, 37(1), pp. 162-172. (doi:10.1093/ije/dym252) (PMID:18204089)

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Abstract

Background Ethnicity is a consistent correlate of excess weight in youth. We examine the influence of lifestyles on ethnic differences in excess weight in early adolescence in the UK.

Method Data were collected from 6599 pupils, aged 11–13 years in 51 schools, on dietary practices and physical activity, parental smoking and overweight, and on overweight and obesity (using International Obesity Task Force criteria).

Results Skipping breakfast [girls odds ratio (OR) 1.74, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.30–2.34; boys OR 2.06; CI 1.57–2.70], maternal smoking (girls OR 2.04, CI 1.49–2.79; boys OR 1.63, CI 1.21–2.21) and maternal overweight (girls OR 2.01, CI 1.29–3.13; boys OR 2.47, CI 1.63–3.73) were associated with obesity. Skipping breakfast, more common among girls, was associated with other poor dietary practices. Compared with White UK peers, Black Caribbeans (girls OR 1.62, CI 1.24–2.12; boys OR 1.49, CI 1.15–1.95) and Black Africans (girls OR 1.96, CI 1.52–2.53; boys OR 2.50, CI 1.92–3.27) were more likely to skip breakfast and engage in other poor dietary practices, and Indians were least likely. White Other boys reported more maternal smoking (OR 1.37, CI 1.03–1.82). All these reports were more common among those born in the UK than those born elsewhere. Black Caribbean girls were more likely to be overweight (OR 1.38, CI 1.02–1.87) and obese (OR 1.65, CI 1.05–2.58), Black African girls to be overweight (OR 1.35, CI 1.02–1.79) and White Other boys to be overweight (OR 1.37, CI 1.00–1.88) and obese (OR 1.86, CI 1.15–3.00). Adverse dietary habits and being born in the UK contributed to these patterns.

Conclusion These findings signal a potential exacerbating effect on ethnic differences in obesity if adverse dietary habits persist. Combined adolescent and parent-focused interventions should be considered.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Maynard, Dr Maria and Harding, Professor Seeromanie
Authors: Harding, S., Teyhan, A., Maynard, M. J., and Cruickshank, J. K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:International Journal of Epidemiology
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0300-5771
ISSN (Online):1464-3685
Published Online:19 January 2008
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2007 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Epidemiology 37(1):162-172
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
656561Top of Form Ethnicity and health Bottom of FormSeeromanie HardingMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/1IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU