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Expression of anti-DNA clonotypes and the role of helper T-lymphocytes during the autoimmune response in mice tolerant to alloantigens

Stott, D.I., Merino, J., Schurmans, S., and Lambert, P. (1988) Expression of anti-DNA clonotypes and the role of helper T-lymphocytes during the autoimmune response in mice tolerant to alloantigens. Autoimmunity, 1 . pp. 253-266. ISSN 0891-6934 (doi:10.3109/08916938809010679)

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Abstract

BALB/c mice neonatally injected with semiallogeneic (C57BL/6 x BALB/c) F1 spleen cells become tolerant to C57BL/6 alloantigens and exhibit chimaerism due to persistence of F1 lymphocytes. Such mouse chimaeras develop an autoimmune (lupus-like) disease characterised by hypergammaglobulinaemia with production of autoantibodies against DNA, Sm antigen and other self-antigens characteristic of SLE in addition to circulating immune complexes and glomerular deposition of immunoglobulins. We have studied the autoimmune response by analysing the isoelectric focusing (IEF)+ patterns (spectrotypes) of anti-ss and anti-dsDNA antibodies produced by these animals. The results show that the anti-DNA response is remarkably restricted, only a very small number of lymphoid cell clones responding in the majority of animals. The behaviour of these clones has been followed during the development of the autoimmune response by analysis of their individual IEF patterns (clonotypes). The first appearance of clones secreting anti-DNA autoantibodies was observed in 3-4 week old mice. Changes in spectrotype occurred during the course of the response but they remained restricted to a very small number of clones in almost all the animals studied. Changes in clonotype consistent with somatic mutation in committed, anti-DNA-secreting clones were also observed. Helper T-lymphocytes of host origin are shown to be required for the development of an autoimmune response.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s):Stott, Prof David
Authors: Stott, D.I., Merino, J., Schurmans, S., and Lambert, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:Autoimmunity
ISSN:0891-6934
ISSN (Online):1607-842X

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