Digital control of multistep hydrothermal synthesis by using 3D printed reactionware for the synthesis of metal–organic frameworks

Lin, C.-G., Zhou, W., Xiong, X.-T., Xuan, W., Kitson, P. J., Long, D.-L. , Chen, W., Song, Y.-F. and Cronin, L. (2018) Digital control of multistep hydrothermal synthesis by using 3D printed reactionware for the synthesis of metal–organic frameworks. Angewandte Chemie (International Edition), 57(51), pp. 16716-16720. (doi:10.1002/anie.201810095) (PMID:30370977) (PMCID:PMC6391986)

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Abstract

Hydrothermal‐synthesis‐based reactions are normally single step owing to the difficulty of manipulating reaction mixtures at high temperatures and pressures. Herein we demonstrate a simple, cheap, and modular approach to the design reactors consisting of partitioned chambers, to achieve multi‐step synthesis under hydrothermal conditions, in digitally defined reactionware produced by 3D printing. This approach increases the number of steps that can be performed sequentially and allows an increase in the options available for the control of hydrothermal reactions. The synthetic outcomes of the multi‐stage reactions can be explored by varying reaction compositions, number of reagents, reaction steps, and reaction times, and these can be tagged to the digital blueprint. To demonstrate the potential of this approach a series of polyoxometalate (POM)‐containing metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) unavailable by “one‐pot” methods were prepared as well as a set of new MOFs.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Xuan, Mr Weimin and Long, Dr De Liang and Cronin, Professor Leroy and Kitson, Dr Philip
Authors: Lin, C.-G., Zhou, W., Xiong, X.-T., Xuan, W., Kitson, P. J., Long, D.-L., Chen, W., Song, Y.-F., and Cronin, L.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1433-7851
ISSN (Online):1521-3773
Published Online:29 October 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Angewandte Chemie (International Edition) 57(51):16716-16720
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
503295Molecular-Metal-Oxide-nanoelectronicS (M-MOS): Achieving the Molecular LimitLeroy CroninEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/H024107/1CHEM - CHEMISTRY
577391Programmable Molecular Metal Oxides (PMMOs) - From Fundamentals to ApplicationLeroy CroninEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/J015156/1CHEM - CHEMISTRY
605821The Multi-Corder: Poly-Sensor TechnologyDavid CummingEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/K021966/1ENG - ENGINEERING ELECTRONICS & NANO ENG
633821A Digital DNA Nano Writer (DNA NanoFab)Leroy CroninEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/L015668/1CHEM - CHEMISTRY
646611Programmable 'Digital' Synthesis for Discovery and Scale-up of Molecules, Clusters and NanomaterialsLeroy CroninEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/L023652/1CHEM - CHEMISTRY
685741SMARTPOM: Artificial-Intelligence Driven Discovery and Synthesis of Polyoxometalate ClustersLeroy CroninEuropean Research Council (ERC)670467CHEM - CHEMISTRY