Characterisation of infection associated microRNA and protein cargo in extracellular vesicles of Theileria annulata infected leukocytes

Gillan, V. , Simpson, D. M., Kinnaird, J., Maitland, K., Shiels, B. and Devaney, E. (2019) Characterisation of infection associated microRNA and protein cargo in extracellular vesicles of Theileria annulata infected leukocytes. Cellular Microbiology, 21, e12969. (doi:10.1111/cmi.12969) (PMID:30370674) (PMCID:PMC6492283)

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Abstract

The protozoan parasites, Theileria annulata and T. parva are unique amongst intracellular eukaryotic pathogens as they induce a transformation‐like phenotype in their bovine host cell. T. annulata causes tropical theileriosis, which is frequently fatal, with infected leukocytes becoming metastatic and forming foci in multiple organs resulting in destruction of the lymphoid system. Exosomes, a sub‐set of extracellular vesicles (EV), are critical in metastatic progression in many cancers. Here we characterised the cargo of EV from a control bovine lymphosarcoma cell line (BL20) and BL20 infected with T. annulata (TBL20) by comparative mass spectrometry and miRNA profiling (data available via ProteomeXchange, identifier PXD010713 and NCBI GEO, accession number GSE118456, respectively). Ingenuity Pathway Analysis that many infection‐associated proteins essential to migration and extracellular matrix digestion were upregulated in EV from TBL20 cells compared to BL20 controls. An altered repertoire of host miRNA, many with known roles in tumor and/or infection biology was also observed. Focusing on the tumor suppressor miRNA, bta‐miR‐181a and bta‐miR‐181b, we identified putative mRNA targets and confirmed the interaction of bta‐miR181a with icam‐1. We propose that EV and their miRNA cargo play an important role in the manipulation of the host cell phenotype and the pathobiology of Theileria infection.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shiels, Professor Brian and Devaney, Professor Eileen and Gillan, Dr Victoria and Maitland, Ms Kirsty and Kinnaird, Dr Jane
Authors: Gillan, V., Simpson, D. M., Kinnaird, J., Maitland, K., Shiels, B., and Devaney, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Cellular Microbiology
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1462-5814
ISSN (Online):1462-5822
Published Online:29 October 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 John Wiley and Sons Ltd
First Published:First published in Cellular Microbiology 21:e12969
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
632991Hsp90 as a modulator of pathogenicity, virulence and transmission in Theileria and BabesiaEileen DevaneyBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)BB/L004542/1RI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED