Gold nanoparticle-mediated fluorescence enhancement by two-photon polymerized 3D microstructures

Aekbote, B. L. , Schubert, F., Ormos, P. and Kelemen, L. (2014) Gold nanoparticle-mediated fluorescence enhancement by two-photon polymerized 3D microstructures. Optical Materials, 38, pp. 301-309. (doi:10.1016/j.optmat.2014.10.064)

Aekbote, B. L. , Schubert, F., Ormos, P. and Kelemen, L. (2014) Gold nanoparticle-mediated fluorescence enhancement by two-photon polymerized 3D microstructures. Optical Materials, 38, pp. 301-309. (doi:10.1016/j.optmat.2014.10.064)

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Abstract

Fluorescence enhancement achieved by functionalized microstructures made by two-photon polymerization (TPP) is reported for the first time. Microstructures of various shapes made of SU-8 photoresist were prepared and coated with gold nanoparticles (NP) of 80 nm. Localized fluorescence enhancement was demonstrated by microstructures equipped with tips of sub-micron dimensions. The enhancement was realized by positioning the NP-coated structures over fluorescent protein layers. Two fluorophores with their absorption in the red and in the green region of the VIS spectrum were used. Laser scanning confocal microscopy was used to quantify the enhancement. The enhancement factor was as high as 6 in areas of several square-micrometers and more than 3 in the case of local enhancement, comparable with literature values for similar nanoparticles. The structured pattern of the observed fluorescence intensity indicates a classic enhancement mechanism realized by standing waves over reflecting surfaces. With further development mobile microtools made by TPP and functionalized by metal NPs can be actuated by optical tweezers and position to any fluorescent micro-object, such as single cells to realize localized, targeted fluorescence enhancement.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Aekbote, Dr Badri
Authors: Aekbote, B. L., Schubert, F., Ormos, P., and Kelemen, L.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Optical Materials
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0925-3467
ISSN (Online):1873-1252
Published Online:14 November 2014

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