Effects of dietary supplementation with krill meal on serum pro-inflammatory markers after the iditarod sled dog race

Burri, L., Wyse, C., Gray, S. R. , Harris, W. S. and Lazzerini, K. (2018) Effects of dietary supplementation with krill meal on serum pro-inflammatory markers after the iditarod sled dog race. Research in Veterinary Science, 121, pp. 18-22. (doi:10.1016/j.rvsc.2018.10.002) (PMID:30312832)

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Abstract

A seafood-based supplement from krill, rich in omega-3 phospholipids and proteins was tested on a group of dogs competing in the 2016 Iditarod dog sled race to investigate the effects of krill meal on exercise-induced inflammation and muscle damage in comparison to a control group. A single team of 16 dogs received 8% krill meal for 5 weeks prior to the start of race, while another team of 16 dogs received no supplementation. Ten dogs of the treatment and 11 dogs of the control group finished the race and their blood was analyzed for omega-3 index, inflammation (CRP) and muscle damage (CK). The omega-3 index of the krill meal-fed dogs was significantly higher at the beginning of the race (mean 6.2% in the supplemented vs 5.2% in the control group, p < .001). CRP concentrations increased from 7.05 ± 2.27 to 37.04 ± 9.16 μg/ml in the control and from 4.26 ± 0.69 to 16.56 ± 3.03 μg/ml in the treatment group, with a significant difference between the groups (p < .001). CK activity was increased from 90.75 ± 8.15 IU/l to 715.90 ± 218.9 IU/l in the control group and from 99.55 ± 12.15 to 515.69 ± 98.98 in the supplemented group, but there were no differences between groups (p = .266). The results showed that krill meal supplementation led to significantly higher omega-3 index, which correlated with lower inflammation and a tendency for reduced muscle damage after this long-distance sled dog competition. However, these results need to be confirmed by more controlled studies, since it was a field study and effects of race speed or other performance-related factors such as fitness and musher skill on the results cannot be excluded.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gray, Dr Stuart and Wyse, Dr Cathy and Lazzerini, Kali
Authors: Burri, L., Wyse, C., Gray, S. R., Harris, W. S., and Lazzerini, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Research in Veterinary Science
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0034-5288
ISSN (Online):1532-2661
Published Online:03 October 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Research in Veterinary Science 121: 18-22
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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