Seamless and Secure VR: Adapting and Evaluating Established Authentication Systems for Virtual Reality

George, C., Khamis, M. , von Zezschwitz, E., Burger, M., Schmidt, H., Alt, F. and Hussmann, H. (2017) Seamless and Secure VR: Adapting and Evaluating Established Authentication Systems for Virtual Reality. Network and Distributed System Security Symposium (NDSS 2017), San Diego, CA, USA, 26 Feb - 01 Mar 2017. ISBN 9781891562471 (doi:10.14722/usec.2017.23028)

[img]
Preview
Text
170218.pdf - Published Version

2MB

Abstract

Virtual reality (VR) headsets are enabling a wide range of new opportunities for the user. For example, in the near future users may be able to visit virtual shopping malls and virtually join international conferences. These and many other scenarios pose new questions with regards to privacy and security, in particular authentication of users within the virtual environment. As a first step towards seamless VR authentication, this paper investigates the direct transfer of well-established concepts (PIN, Android unlock patterns) into VR. In a pilot study (N = 5) and a lab study (N = 25), we adapted existing mechanisms and evaluated their usability and security for VR. The results indicate that both PINs and patterns are well suited for authentication in VR. We found that the usability of both methods matched the performance known from the physical world. In addition, the private visual channel makes authentication harder to observe, indicating that authentication in VR using traditional concepts already achieves a good balance in the trade-off between usability and security. The paper contributes to a better understanding of authentication within VR environments, by providing the first investigation of established authentication methods within VR, and presents the base layer for the design of future authentication schemes, which are used in VR environments only.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Khamis, Dr Mohamed
Authors: George, C., Khamis, M., von Zezschwitz, E., Burger, M., Schmidt, H., Alt, F., and Hussmann, H.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Publisher:NDSS
ISBN:9781891562471
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Internet Society
First Published:First published in Network and Distributed System Security Symposium (NDSS 2017)
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record