An inverse modeling approach for semilunar heart valve leaflet mechanics: exploitation of tissue structure

Aggarwal, A. and Sacks, M. S. (2016) An inverse modeling approach for semilunar heart valve leaflet mechanics: exploitation of tissue structure. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 15(4), pp. 909-932. (doi:10.1007/s10237-015-0732-7) (PMID:26449480)

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Abstract

Determining the biomechanical behavior of heart valve leaflet tissues in a noninvasive manner remains an important clinical goal. While advances in 3D imaging modalities have made in vivo valve geometric data available, optimal methods to exploit such information in order to obtain functional information remain to be established. Herein we present and evaluate a novel leaflet shape-based framework to estimate the biomechanical behavior of heart valves from surface deformations by exploiting tissue structure. We determined accuracy levels using an “ideal” in vitro dataset, in which the leaflet geometry, strains, mechanical behavior, and fibrous structure were known to a high level of precision. By utilizing a simplified structural model for the leaflet mechanical behavior, we were able to limit the number of parameters to be determined per leaflet to only two. This approach allowed us to dramatically reduce the computational time and easily visualize the cost function to guide the minimization process. We determined that the image resolution and the number of available imaging frames were important components in the accuracy of our framework. Furthermore, our results suggest that it is possible to detect differences in fiber structure using our framework, thus allowing an opportunity to diagnose asymptomatic valve diseases and begin treatment at their early stages. Lastly, we observed good agreement of the final resulting stress–strain response when an averaged fiber architecture was used. This suggests that population-averaged fiber structural data may be sufficient for the application of the present framework to in vivo studies, although clearly much work remains to extend the present approach to in vivo problems.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Aggarwal, Dr Ankush
Authors: Aggarwal, A., and Sacks, M. S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1617-7959
ISSN (Online):1617-7940
Published Online:08 October 2015

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